Expired Study
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Bethesda, Maryland 20892


The normal changes of puberty, such as breast enlargement, pubic hair and menstrual periods, usually begin between the ages of 9 and 15 in response to hormones produced in the body. Some children's bodies produce these hormones before the normal age and start puberty too early. This condition is known as precocious puberty. The hormones responsible for the onset of puberty come from the pituitary gland and the ovaries. The hormones from the pituitary gland act on the ovaries to produce different hormones that cause the breasts to grow, pubic hair to develop, and menstruation. Many children with precocious puberty can be treated with a medication known as lutenizing hormone-releasing hormone analog (Lupron, Histerelin, Deslorelin). This drug is made in a laboratory and is designed to act like the natural hormone LHRH, which is made in the pituitary gland. The drug causes the pituitary gland to decrease the amount of hormones it is releasing and thereby decrease the amount of hormones released by the ovaries. However, some girls already have low levels of pituitary hormones and yet their ovaries still produce hormones. Researchers do not believe that LHRH analog therapy will work for these children. Testolactone is a drug that acts directly on the ovary. It works by preventing the last step of estrogen production in the ovary. The goal of this treatment is to stop estrogen production and delay the onset of puberty until the normal age. Researchers will give patients with LHRHa resistant precocious puberty Testolactone for six months. If the initial treatment is successful and patients do not experience very bad side effects, they will continue to receive the medication until puberty is desired. Throughout the therapy patients will receive frequent monitoring of their general state of health, hormone levels, and medication levels.

Study summary:

Females with precocious puberty who have low levels of serum gonadotropins and high levels of serum estrogen, or those who have demonstrated an inadequate clinical response to therapy with the luteinizing hormone releasing hormone analog (Lupron, Histerelin, Deslorelin), will be treated with testolactone. Testolactone inhibits aromatase, the last enzyme of estrogen biosynthesis. The goal of treatment is to inhibit estrogen secretion and thus delay secondary sexual maturation and epiphyseal closure until the normal age. The intent is to alleviate the psychological problems and short stature frequently associated with this disorder. Throughout therapy, patients will receive frequent clinical, hormonal, and toxicological monitoring. The initial treatment period will be six months. If patients respond to the treatment and tolerate it well, testolactone will be given until puberty is desired. Patients who exhibit pubertal levels of serum gonadotropins during testolactone therapy, indicating the onset of secondary, gonadotropin-dependent puberty, will receive an LHRH analog in addition to testolactone.


INCLUSION CRITERIA: Patients are girls aged 1-8 years (on entry to the study) with gonadotropin-independent precocious puberty. All ethnic groups are included. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Males are excluded, as are patients with clinically-significant hepatic and/or renal impairment (testolactone is metabolized via the liver and kidneys).

Study is Available At:

Original ID:




Secondary ID:


Study Acronym:

Brief Title:

Testolactone for the Treatment of Girls With LHRH Resistant Precocious Puberty

Official Title:

Testolactone Treatment of Girls With LHRH Analog-Resistant Precocious Puberty Due to Autonomous, Non-Neoplastic Ovarian Estrogen Secretion

Overall Status:


Study Phase:

Phase 2



Minimum Age:


Maximum Age:


Quick Facts

Healthy Volunteers
Oversight Has DMC
Study Is FDA Regulated
Study Is Section 801
Has Expanded Access

Study Source:

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Oversight Authority:

United States: Federal Government

Reasons Why Stopped:

Study Type:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, P

Number of Arms:


Number of Groups:


Total Enrollment:


Enrollment Type:

Study Dates

Start Date:October 1982
Completion Date:May 2003
Verification Date:May 2003
Last Changed Date:March 3, 2008
First Received Date:November 3, 1999

Study Outcomes

There are no available Study Outcomes

Study Interventions

Intervention Type:Drug

Study Arms

There are no available Study Arms

Study Agencies

Agency Class:NIH
Agency Type:Lead Sponsor
Agency Name:Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

Sample and Retention Information

There are no available Sample and Retention Information

Study References

Reference Type:Reference
Citation:Boyar RM, Finkelstein JW, David R, Roffwarg H, Kapen S, Weitzman ED, Hellman L. Twenty-four hour patterns of plasma luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone in sexual precocity. N Engl J Med. 1973 Aug 9;289(6):282-6. No abstract available.
Reference Type:Reference
Citation:Boyar RM, Rosenfeld RS, Kapen S, Finkelstein JW, Roffwarg HP, Weitzman ED, Hellman L. Human puberty. Simultaneous augmented secretion of luteinizing hormone and testosterone during sleep. J Clin Invest. 1974 Sep;54(3):609-18. No abstract available.
Reference Type:Reference
Citation:Weinstein LS, Shenker A, Gejman PV, Merino MJ, Friedman E, Spiegel AM. Activating mutations of the stimulatory G protein in the McCune-Albright syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1991 Dec 12;325(24):1688-95.

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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