Expired Study
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Purchase, New York 10577


RATIONALE: Estrogen can stimulate the growth of breast cancer cells. Toremifene may fight breast cancer by blocking the uptake of estrogen by the tumor cells. Atamestane may fight breast cancer by blocking the production of estrogen. It is not yet known if toremifene is more effective with or without atamestane. PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of toremifene with or without atamestane in treating postmenopausal women who have metastatic breast cancer.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the time to progression in postmenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer treated with toremifene with or without atamestane. II. Compare the response rate, overall survival, duration of response, and time to treatment failure in patients treated with these regimens. III. Compare the safety profile of these regimens in this patient population. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to study center. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive oral toremifene daily and oral atamestane twice daily. Arm II: Patients receive oral toremifene as in arm I and an oral placebo twice daily. Treatment continues for 12-30 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 12 weeks for survival. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 594 patients (297 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 18 months.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed metastatic breast cancer Bidimensionally measurable disease Lesion at least 2 cm in at least 1 diameter No failure with prior adjuvant antiestrogens within the first 12 months of treatment No progression of disease during therapy with prior aromatase inhibitors or selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) (including SERMs for prevention of osteoporosis) No history of known central nervous system (CNS) metastases No bone metastases as only tumor manifestation Hormone receptor status: Estrogen receptor and/or progesterone receptor positive PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Sex: Female Menopausal status: Postmenopausal Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: At least 12 weeks Hematopoietic: Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 WBC at least 2,000/mm3 Hepatic: AST and ALT no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Bilirubin no greater than 2.5 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Other: No significant neurological dysfunction including seizures or clinical signs of other significant neurological diseases No other active malignancy within the past 5 years except basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix No contraindication to toremifene or its excipients or any of the excipients in atamestane Not pregnant or nursing PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for metastatic disease At least 6 months since prior adjuvant chemotherapy No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: See Disease Characteristics No prior hormonal therapy for metastatic disease At least 12 months since prior adjuvant antiestrogens No concurrent SERMs or estrogenic or androgenic hormones No other concurrent aromatase inhibitors Radiotherapy: No concurrent radiotherapy except for palliation for bone metastases Surgery: Not specified Other: No prior enrollment in this study At least 30 days since prior investigational drugs No other concurrent investigational drugs Concurrent bisphosphonates for bone metastases allowed

Study is Available At:

Original ID:




Secondary ID:


Study Acronym:

Brief Title:

Toremifene With or Without Atamestane in Treating Postmenopausal Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer

Official Title:

Phase III Study of Atamestane Plus Toremifene in Metastatic Breast Cancer

Overall Status:


Study Phase:

Phase 3



Minimum Age:

18 Years

Maximum Age:


Quick Facts

Healthy Volunteers
Oversight Has DMC
Study Is FDA Regulated
Study Is Section 801
Has Expanded Access

Study Source:

Intarcia Therapeutics

Oversight Authority:

United States: Food and Drug Administration

Reasons Why Stopped:

Withdrawn due to change in standard of care

Study Type:


Study Design:

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Number of Arms:


Number of Groups:


Total Enrollment:


Enrollment Type:

Overall Contact Information

Official Name:Peter Langecker, MD, PhD
Study Chair
Intarcia Therapeutics

Study Dates

Start Date:October 2000
Completion Date:May 2001
Completion Type:Actual
Primary Completion Date:May 2001
Primary Completion Type:Actual
Verification Date:March 2014
Last Changed Date:March 24, 2014
First Received Date:February 2, 2001

Study Outcomes

There are no available Study Outcomes

Study Interventions

Intervention Type:Drug
Intervention Type:Drug

Study Arms

There are no available Study Arms

Study Agencies

Agency Class:Industry
Agency Type:Lead Sponsor
Agency Name:Intarcia Therapeutics

Sample and Retention Information

There are no available Sample and Retention Information

Study References

There are no available Study References

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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