Expired Study
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Salt Lake City, Utah 84148


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Response Elaboration Training (RET), which is a speech/language therapy for aphasia. The study is designed to determine whether verbal language production improves in terms of content and length of utterances as a result of treatment.

Study summary:

Detailed Description: Extended description of the protocol, including information not already contained in other fields, such as comparison(s) studied. Example: Sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOH-CA) remains a significant cause of death, in spite of recent declines in overall mortality from cardiovascular disease. Existing methods of emergency resuscitation are inadequate due to time delays inherent in the transport of a trained responder with defibrillation capabilities to the side of the OOH-CA victim. Existing Emergency Medical Services (EMS) systems typically combine paramedic Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) services with some level of community involvement, such as bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. Some communities include automated external defibrillators (AEDs) at isolated sites or in mobile police or fire vehicles. A comprehensive, integrated community approach to treatment with AEDs would have community units served by these volunteer non-medical responders who can quickly identify and treat a patient with OOH-CA. Such an approach is termed Public Access Defibrillation (PAD). Comparison(s): Community units trained and equipped to provide public access defibrillation in addition to optimal standard care, compared to community units trained to provide optimal standard care (recognition of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, 911 access, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation). The purpose of the proposed research is to thoroughly evaluate the effects of Response Elaboration Training (RET) with persons with aphasia. Specifically, the proposed research investigation is designed to delineate the outcomes that may be expected with RET. The study is also designed to improve outcomes in the area of stimulus generalization effects of treatment by testing a modification of RET designed to facilitate generalization. The specific experimental questions to be addressed are as follows: - Will RET result in increased production of correct information units and increased length and changes in composition of utterances as measured in *trained and untrained picture descriptions; *story retells; *conversations with significant others/family members/friends; and *personal recounts? - Will modification and extension of RET to additional training contexts result in further increases in production of CIUs and increased length and complexity of utterances? - Will the effects* of RET vary among participants with fluent aphasia, participants with nonfluent aphasia who present with mild to moderate verbal production deficits, and participants with nonfluent aphasia who present with severe verbal production deficits? * Effects = effects on production of CIUs and on measures of functional communication - Will changes in measures of functional communication be observed following administration of RET? A series of single-subject experimental designs across subjects, behaviors, and contexts will be conducted to address these questions. Twenty-four adults with chronic, moderate to severe aphasia secondary to unilateral, left-hemisphere brain-injury will serve as participants for this investigation.


Inclusion Criteria: - Diagnosis of moderate to severe nonfluent or fluent aphasia - Nonverbal intelligence within normal limits - Auditory and visual acuity adequate for experimental tasks - 6 months post-onset of single, focal brain injury (e.g., stroke) Exclusion Criteria: - Previous history of therapy with RET - Diagnosed psychological disorder other than depression - Neurological condition other than that which resulted in aphasia - History of alcohol or substance abuse - Non-native English speaker - Premorbid history of speech/language disorder

Study is Available At:

Original ID:




Secondary ID:

Study Acronym:

Brief Title:

Evaluation of the Effects of Response Elaboration Training for Aphasia

Official Title:

Evaluation of the Effects of Response Elaboration Training for Aphasia

Overall Status:


Study Phase:




Minimum Age:

21 Years

Maximum Age:


Quick Facts

Healthy Volunteers
Oversight Has DMC
Study Is FDA Regulated
Study Is Section 801
Has Expanded Access

Study Source:

Department of Veterans Affairs

Oversight Authority:

United States: Federal Government

Reasons Why Stopped:

Study Type:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classificatio

Number of Arms:


Number of Groups:


Total Enrollment:


Enrollment Type:


Overall Contact Information

Official Name:Julie L. Wambaugh, PhD
Principal Investigator
VA Salt Lake City Health Care System, Salt Lake City

Study Dates

Start Date:December 2004
Completion Date:December 2012
Completion Type:Actual
Primary Completion Date:December 2007
Primary Completion Type:Actual
Verification Date:April 2014
Last Changed Date:April 4, 2014
First Received Date:July 27, 2005

Study Outcomes

Outcome Type:Primary Outcome
Measure:verbal production of meaningful content words in connected speech
Time Frame:3 and 6 weeks following completion of treatment
Safety Issues:False
Description:Participants were asked to describe pictured scenes and to provide a monologue on a topic of their choice. Their speech/language was audio recorded during these tasks and recordings were transcribed by project speech/language pathologists. Counts of conte

Study Interventions

Intervention Type:Behavioral
Name:Response Elaboration Training
Description:Therapist modeling, reinforcement and forward-chaining are used to stimulate verbal descriptions of pictures
Arm Name:Arm 1

Study Arms

Study Arm Type:Other
Arm Name:Arm 1
Description:Single subject design - participant receives three administrations of the same treatment

Study Agencies

Agency Class:U.S. Fed
Agency Type:Lead Sponsor
Agency Name:Department of Veterans Affairs

Sample and Retention Information

There are no available Sample and Retention Information

Study References

Reference Type:Results Reference
Citation:Wambaugh JL, Nessler C, Wright S. Modified response elaboration training: application to procedural discourse and personal recounts. Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 2013 May;22(2):S409-25. doi: 10.1044/1058-0360(2013/12-0063). PubMed

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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