Expired Study
This study is not currently recruiting Study Participants on ClinicalConnection.com. If you would like to find active studies please search for clinical trials.

Eugene, Oregon 97401


Purpose:

This study will evaluate the effectiveness of dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs in reducing body dissatisfaction among young women with body image concerns.


Study summary:

It is estimated that up to 80% of young adult women in the United States are dissatisfied with their appearance, particularly their weight. Young women's perception of the ideal body type is influenced by many factors, including peers, parents, and the media. Body dissatisfaction is associated with an increased risk of depression and eating disorders, making programs to reduce body image issues in young women important. Programs that target eating disorder prevention through promoting healthy behaviors and critiquing the thin ideal may be an effective means of increasing body satisfaction among young women. Particularly, a dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program that assesses the thin ideal through verbal, written, and behavioral exercises may be the best means of addressing body image concerns. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs in reducing body dissatisfaction among young women with body image concerns. Participation in this study will last 2 years and will involve both parent and daughter participants. Study participation for parent participants will include three 15-minute interviews conducted at baseline and Years 1 and 2. The interviews will focus on their daughters' social adjustment, performance in school, relationships with others, hobbies, and related topics. Daughter participants will still be allowed to partake in the study even if their parents do not complete all three interviews. All potential daughter participants will first complete a 20-minute interview regarding their eating habits and mental health. Eligible participants will then be assigned to one of three programs designed to improve body image satisfaction: - Program 1 will consist of the distribution of an educational brochure about a healthy body image. - Program 2 will involve four 1-hour meetings during which participants will complete a series of verbal and written exercises. The exercises will aim to increase body image satisfaction by helping participants to think critically about the thin ideal and to discuss some of the problems associated with the pursuit of this ideal. - Program 3 will include eight 1-hour meetings during which participants will also complete a series of verbal and written exercises. The exercises will aim to increase body image satisfaction by helping participants to think critically about the thin ideal and by promoting healthy eating and exercise habits. Participants in all programs will complete brief surveys and interviews about their attitudes and behaviors at baseline, at treatment completion, and at three other points during the 2 years from baseline.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Self-reported body image concerns Exclusion Criteria: - Meets diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM-IV) criteria for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge eating disorder


Study is Available At:


Original ID:

R01 MH070699


NCT ID:

NCT00663754


Secondary ID:

R01MH070699


Study Acronym:


Brief Title:

Effectiveness of a Dissonance-Based Eating Disorder Prevention Program (The Body Project II)


Official Title:

Eating Disorder Prevention Program Effectiveness Trial


Overall Status:

Completed


Study Phase:

N/A


Genders:

Female


Minimum Age:

14 Years


Maximum Age:

18 Years


Quick Facts

Healthy Volunteers
Oversight Has DMC
Study Is FDA Regulated
Study Is Section 801
Has Expanded Access

Study Source:

Oregon Research Institute


Oversight Authority:

United States: Federal Government


Reasons Why Stopped:


Study Type:

Interventional


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parall


Number of Arms:

3


Number of Groups:

0


Total Enrollment:

306


Enrollment Type:

Actual


Overall Contact Information

Official Name:Eric Stice
Principal Investigator
Oregon Research Institute

Study Dates

Start Date:March 2005
Completion Date:October 2012
Completion Type:Actual
Primary Completion Date:October 2012
Primary Completion Type:Actual
Verification Date:March 2014
Last Changed Date:March 3, 2014
First Received Date:April 21, 2008

Study Outcomes

Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Ideal-Body Stereotype Scale-Revised, Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction with Body Parts Scale, Dutch Restrained Eating Scale, Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale-Revised, and Beliefs About Appearance Scale
Time Frame:Measured at baseline, post-treatment, Month 6, and Years 1 and 2
Safety Issues:False
Outcome Type:Primary Outcome
Measure:Eating Disorder Diagnostic Interview
Time Frame:Measured at baseline, post-treatment, Month 6, and Years 1 and 2
Safety Issues:False

Study Interventions

Intervention Type:Behavioral
Name:Dissonance-based eating disorder prevention progra
Description:Participants will engage in verbal, written, and behavioral exercises in which they will critique the thin ideal. These exercises will be conducted in sessions and in homework activities. The exercises will aim to increase body image satisfaction by helping participants to think critically about the thin ideal and to discuss some of the problems associated with the pursuit of this ideal.
Arm Name:2
Intervention Type:Behavioral
Name:Educational brochure
Description:Participants will receive a mailed educational brochure about a healthy body image only.
Arm Name:1

Study Arms

Study Arm Type:Active Comparator
Arm Name:1
Description:Participants will receive a mailed brochure about body image only.
Study Arm Type:Active Comparator
Arm Name:2
Description:Participants will receive the 4-hour dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program.
Study Arm Type:Experimental
Arm Name:3
Description:Participants will receive the 8-hour dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program.

Study Agencies

Agency Class:Other
Agency Type:Lead Sponsor
Agency Name:Oregon Research Institute
Agency Class:NIH
Agency Type:Collaborator
Agency Name:National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Sample and Retention Information

There are no available Sample and Retention Information

Study References

There are no available Study References

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

Modifications to this listing: Only selected fields are shown, please use the link below to view all information about this clinical trial.


This study is not currently recruiting Study Participants. The form below is not enabled.