Expired Study
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Stanford, California 94305


Rituximab will be tested for its safety and potential efficacy in treating B cell dense renal allograft rejection episodes in children receiving renal transplants at Stanford University

Study summary:

Twenty kidney transplant recipients who are being cared for at Stanford University and UCLA and are between the ages of 2-21, can be considered for participation in this research if they are having an acute rejection episode. After a biopsy is done and the diagnosis of acute rejection is made, ten patients will be randomly enrolled in the group to be treated with Rituximab and steroid pulses. Ten children will be enrolled as the control group, receiving standard of care for acute transplant rejection. Assignment will be based on a 1:1 randomization scheme. That means two patients will be assigned to the group of patients receiving steroid pulsing and 4 doses of Rituximab. The third patient would be assigned to the group receiving steroid pulses and adjustment in immunosuppression medications which is the standard of care at Stanford University. The dose of Rituximab that will be given is 375 mg/m2 and is administered through an IV. Additional doses of Rituximab will be administered on a weekly basis. A total of four doses will be given. If the acute rejection does not resolve by one-week, patients in both groups have the option of receiving polyclonal antibody therapy.


Inclusion Criteria:Patients must meet the following inclusion criteria to be eligible for study entry: - Pediatric renal allograft recipients aged 2-21 years with biopsy proven acute rejection episodes. - Able and willing to give written informed consent and comply with the requirements of the study protocol (patients >18 years of age or parents) - Greater than 30% decline in baseline renal function as indicated by a rise in the serum creatinine. - Adequate liver function, as indicated by AST or ALT <2x upper limit of normal unless related to primary disease. - Negative serum pregnancy test (for women of child bearing age) - Men and women of reproductive potential must agree to use an acceptable method of birth control during treatment and for twelve months (1 year) after completion of treatment.&#xA; Exclusion Criteria:Patients will be excluded from the study based on the following criteria: - Treatment with any investigational agent within 4 weeks of screening or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug (whichever is longer) - Receipt of a live vaccine within 4 weeks prior to randomization - Previous Treatment with Rituximab (MabThera® / Rituxan®) - History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions to humanized or murine monoclonal antibodies - History of HIV (positive HIV, HIV conducted during screening if applicable) - History of Hepatitis B and/or Hepatitis C (Hep B/C at screening) - History of recurrent significant infection or history of recurrent bacterial infections - Known active bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial, or other infection (including tuberculosis or atypical mycobacterial disease, but excluding fungal infections of nail beds) or any major episode of infection requiring hospitalization or treatment with IV antibiotics within 4 weeks of screening or oral antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to screening - Ongoing use of high dose steroids (>10mg/day) or unstable steroid dose in the past 4 weeks. - Lack of peripheral venous access - History of drug, alcohol, or chemical abuse within 6 months prior to screening - Pregnancy (a negative serum pregnancy test should be performed for all women of childbearing potential within 7 days of treatment) or lactation - Concomitant malignancies or previous malignancies within the last five years, with the exception of adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix. - History of psychiatric disorder - Significant cardiac or pulmonary disease (including obstructive pulmonary disease) - Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or render the patient at high risk from treatment complications - Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures

Study is Available At:

Original ID:




Secondary ID:

Study Acronym:

Brief Title:

Rituximab for Pediatric Renal Transplant Rejection

Official Title:

A Prospective Open-Labeled Randomized Study of Rituximab Versus Standard of Care, for Treatment of Acute Allograft Rejection in Pediatric Renal Transplantation

Overall Status:


Study Phase:

Phase 2/Phase 3



Minimum Age:

5 Years

Maximum Age:

21 Years

Quick Facts

Healthy Volunteers
Oversight Has DMC
Study Is FDA Regulated
Study Is Section 801
Has Expanded Access

Study Source:

Stanford University

Oversight Authority:

  • United States: Food and Drug Administration

Reasons Why Stopped:

Study Type:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification:

Number of Arms:


Number of Groups:


Total Enrollment:


Enrollment Type:

Overall Contact Information

Official Name:Minnie M. Sarwal
Principal Investigator
Stanford University

Study Dates

Start Date:June 2005
Completion Date:August 2007
Verification Date:December 2008
Last Changed Date:December 19, 2008
First Received Date:June 11, 2008

Study Outcomes

Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:resolution fo graft rejection
Safety Issues:False
Outcome Type:Primary Outcome
Measure:Rituximab safety in pediatric patients
Safety Issues:False

Study Interventions

Intervention Type:Drug
Name:Rituximab for transplant rejection

Study Arms

There are no available Study Arms

Study Agencies

Agency Class:Other
Agency Type:Lead Sponsor
Agency Name:Stanford University
Agency Class:Other
Agency Type:Collaborator
Agency Name:Genentech and Biogen IDEC

Sample and Retention Information

There are no available Sample and Retention Information

Study References

There are no available Study References

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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