Expired Study
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Tampa, Florida 33612


Purpose:

Cyclophosphamide is a chemotherapy agent with known activity in myeloma. The new regimen that we will test in this study is called CVDD and contains Cyclophosphamide with Bortezomib (VELCADE), Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin (DOXIL®, PLD), and Dexamethasone (VDD). The purpose of this study is to determine if the addition of another type of chemotherapy agent, Cyclophosphamide, to the regimen VDD (CVDD) is well tolerated and improves response rates in myeloma. We will also find the highest safe dose of the study drugs taken together that a patient can tolerate, and how long it takes for multiple myeloma patients to respond after they have taken the study drugs and how long the response lasts.


Study summary:

The first cohort of 3 participants enrolled into Phase I of the study will receive dose level 1. A full safety evaluation will be conducted when these participants have completed one cycle (21 days) of combination therapy. Further patient accrual will be suspended while the safety data is evaluated at each dose level. Dose escalation for subsequent patients will proceed through dose levels 2, 3 and 4 as follows: - If no dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is reported in the first 3 participants at a dose level, that dose level will be considered safe and 3 participants will be enrolled at the next dose level. If 1/3 participants in a cohort at a dose level has a DLT, the dose level will be expanded to obtain 6 evaluable participants. - If > 1 of 3 participants in a cohort experience DLT, that dose level will not be considered safe. No further dose escalation will take place, and the immediate lower dose level will be considered the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) if 6 patients had been enrolled at that dose level. Otherwise, expand the immediate lower dose level to 6 evaluable patients*. - If there are < 2 participants with a DLT among the expanded cohort of 6 evaluable participants, a cohort of 3 participants will be enrolled in the next higher dose level. - If there are 2 or more participants with a DLT among the expanded cohort of 6 evaluable participants, that dose level will not be considered safe. No further dose escalation will take place, and the immediate lower dose level will be considered the MTD if 6 patients had been enrolled at that dose level. Otherwise, expand the immediate lower dose level to 6 evaluable patients*. - * If DLT occurs in no more than 1 patient in the expanded dose cohort, then that dose level will be considered MTD. Otherwise, the dose will be further de-escalated in a similar fashion until the MTD is reached.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Understand and voluntarily sign informed consent form; equal to or greater than 18 years of age at time of consent - Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements - Diagnosed active multiple myeloma - Measurable myeloma paraprotein levels in serum (≥ 0.5 g/dL) or urine (≥ 0.2 g excreted in a 24-hour urine collection sample), or serum involved free light chains ( >10mg/dl) provided that the k/l ratio is abnormal - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-2 - Performance status of 3 allowed if related to bony disease. - Bilirubin ≤ 1.5x upper limits of normal (ULN) - Liver enzymes: alanine transaminase (ALT)or aspartic transaminase (AST) ≤ 2.5 x ULN. In the presence of liver metastases, AST / ALT, alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin must not exceed 3x upper limit of normal (i.e.: must be ≤ 3x ULN). - Adequate bone marrow function: - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000 cells/mm³ (1.0 x 10^9/L). Patients with bone marrow >50% plasma cells are permitted to have a neutrophil count of < 1,000 cells/mm³. - Platelets ≥ 100,000 cells/mm³. Patients with bone marrow >50% plasma cells are permitted to have a Platelet count ≤ 100, 000 cells/mm³ - Hemoglobin > 8 g/dL (transfusion allowed to increase the Hgb) - Adequate renal function: Creatinine ≤ 2.5 mg/dL - Must have 2-d echocardiogram or multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan indicating left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 50% within 42 days prior to first dose of study drug. A MUGA scan or 2- d Echocardiogram may be used, but the same test must be used throughout study) to evaluate LVEF. - Women of childbearing potential(WCBP)† must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test 10 to 14 days prior to starting therapy. Patients with reproductive potential must use an adequate contraceptive method during treatment and for 3 months after completing treatment. In addition, sexually active WCBP must agree to use adequate contraceptive methods per the requirements outlined in protocol document. - Patients treated with local radiotherapy with or without concomitant exposure to steroids, for pain control or management of cord/nerve root compression, are eligible. 4 weeks must have lapsed since last date of radiotherapy. Patients who require concurrent radiotherapy should have entry to the protocol deferred until radiotherapy is completed and 4 weeks have passed since last date of therapy. Exclusion Criteria: - Ongoing severe infection requiring intravenous antibiotic treatment - Life expectancy < 3 months - Prior malignancy, except; adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in-situ cervical cancer, or other cancer from which the participant has been disease-free for at least 5 years. Concurrent prostate cancer for which patient is receiving therapy will not be considered an exclusion if prostatic specific antigen (PSA) has been stable for 3 years. - Solitary bone or solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma as the only evidence of plasma cell dyscrasia - Patients receiving therapeutic dosages of steroids for multiple myeloma - Myocardial infarct within 6 months before enrollment, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II or greater heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, clinically significant pericardial disease, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemic or active conduction system abnormalities - Uncontrolled medical problems such as diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, hypertension, unstable angina, arrhythmias, pulmonary, hepatic and renal diseases unless renal insufficiency is felt to be secondary to multiple myeloma - Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the patient from signing the informed consent form - Pregnant or breast-feeding females. Lactating females must agree not to breast-feed. - Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the participant at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study. - Prior chemotherapy for multiple myeloma, except for radiation to symptomatic bony disease, plasmapheresis for hyperviscosity, kyphoplasty and/or vertebroplasty - History of hypersensitivity reactions attributed to a conventional formulation of doxorubicin hydrochloride (HC1) or the components of DOXIL® - Prior anthracycline dose exceeding 360 mg/m² for doxorubicin (including DOXIL) or 720 mg/m² for epirubicin - Grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy on clinical examination within 14 days before enrollment - Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome or plasma cell leukemia - Hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron or mannitol - Has received other investigational drugs within 14 days before enrollment


Study is Available At:


Original ID:

MCC-15399


NCT ID:

NCT00750815


Secondary ID:

106692


Study Acronym:


Brief Title:

Cyclophosphamide, VELCADE, DOXIL, and Dexamethasone, (CVDD) in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Multiple Myeloma (MM)


Official Title:

An Open Label Phase I/II Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Cyclophosphamide, Bortezomib (VELCADE), Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin (DOXIL), and Dexamethasone, (CVDD) in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Multiple Myeloma


Overall Status:

Completed


Study Phase:

Phase 1/Phase 2


Genders:

Both


Minimum Age:

18 Years


Maximum Age:

N/A


Quick Facts

Healthy Volunteers
Oversight Has DMC
Study Is FDA Regulated
Study Is Section 801
Has Expanded Access

Study Source:

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute


Oversight Authority:

United States: Institutional Review Board


Reasons Why Stopped:


Study Type:

Interventional


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classificati


Number of Arms:

2


Number of Groups:

0


Total Enrollment:

58


Enrollment Type:

Actual


Overall Contact Information

Official Name:Melissa Alsina, M.D.
Principal Investigator
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Study Dates

Start Date:September 2008
Completion Date:May 2013
Completion Type:Actual
Primary Completion Date:May 2013
Primary Completion Type:Actual
Verification Date:June 2013
Last Changed Date:June 12, 2013
First Received Date:September 10, 2008

Study Outcomes

Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Phase II: Number of Participants With Overall Survival (OS)
Time Frame:12 months from last Phase II enrollment date
Safety Issues:False
Description:To evaluate overall survival after CVDD in patients with standard and high risk newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.
Outcome Type:Primary Outcome
Measure:Phase II: Number of Participants With Progression Free Survival (PFS)
Time Frame:12 months from last Phase II enrollment date
Safety Issues:False
Description:To evaluate progression-free survival after CVDD in patients with newly diagnosed standard and high risk multiple myeloma
Outcome Type:Primary Outcome
Measure:Phase I - Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD)
Time Frame:12 months from last enrollment date
Safety Issues:True
Description:The primary objective of this phase is to determine the maximum tolerated dose of cyclophosphamide when given in combination with VELCADE, DOXIL and Dexamethasone (CVDD) in patients with newly diagnosed active multiple myeloma.

Study Interventions

Intervention Type:Drug
Name:Cyclophosphamide
Description:Enroll patients into 4 different dose levels. The dose of Cyclophosphamide they receive will depend on how many patients have been treated.
Arm Name:A. Phase I - Dose Escalation
Other Name:Cytoxan
Intervention Type:Drug
Name:Bortezomib; Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin; Dexam
Description:Patients will receive Bortezomib, Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin and Dexamethasone at standard doses.
Arm Name:A. Phase I - Dose Escalation
Other Name:VELCADE

Study Arms

Study Arm Type:Experimental
Arm Name:B. Phase II - Maximum Tolerated Dose
Description:Participants will receive Cyclophosphamide and VELCADE at the MTD at the same schedule of the Phase I study. Pegylated doxorubicin and Dexamethasone will be given at the same doses and schedule as the Phase I part of study.
Study Arm Type:Experimental
Arm Name:A. Phase I - Dose Escalation
Description:Dose of Cyclophosphamide will depend on how many patients we have treated: Dose Level 1: Cyclophosphamide 250 mg /m^2 IV Day 1; VELCADE, 1.0 mg/m^2 IV days 1,4,8, and 11; DOXIL 30 mg/m^2 Day 4; Dexamethasone 20 mg orally daily on days 1-2,4-5,8-9,11-12 Dose Level 2: Cyclophosphamide 500 mg /m^2 IV Day 1; VELCADE, 1.0 mg/m^2 IV days 1,4,8, and 11; DOXIL 30 mg/m^2 Day 4; Dexamethasone 20 mg orally daily on days 1-2,4-5,8-9,11-12 Dose Level 3: Cyclophosphamide 750 mg /m^2 IV Day 1; VELCADE, 1.0

Study Agencies

Agency Class:Other
Agency Type:Lead Sponsor
Agency Name:H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Agency Class:Industry
Agency Type:Collaborator
Agency Name:Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Sample and Retention Information

There are no available Sample and Retention Information

Study References

There are no available Study References

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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