Houston, Texas 77030

  • Leukemia


The goal of this clinical research study is to compare how two different drugs, decitabine and azacitidine, when given on a shorter than standard dosing schedule can help to control MDS. The safety of the drugs will also be studied. Decitabine is designed to damage the DNA (the genetic material) of cells, which may cause cancer cells to die. Azacitidine is designed to block certain proteins in cancer cells whose job is to stop the function of the tumor-fighting proteins. By blocking the "bad" proteins, the tumor-fighting genes may be able to work better. This could cause the cancer cells to die.

Study summary:

Study Groups: If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the flip of a coin) to 1 of 2 groups: - If you are in Group 1, you will receive decitabine by vein over about 1 hour. - If you are in Group 2, you will receive azacitidine either as an injection under your skin or through a vein. If by vein, the infusion will take about an hour. At first, there will be an equal chance of being assigned to either group. However, as the study goes on and more information becomes available, the chance of being assigned to the group that has shown the most effectiveness will increase. However, once you are already enrolled and assigned to a group, you will not be eligible to change groups. Study Drug Administration: Each cycle is 28 days. You will receive the study drug on Days 1-3 of every cycle and you will receive at least 2 cycles of study drug. Study Visits: Every 7-14 days, blood (about 2 tablespoons) will be drawn for routine tests. At the end of Cycle 2, you will have a bone marrow biopsy and/or aspirate to check the status of the disease. This will then be repeated every 2-4 cycles until any point that the disease appears to have responded to the study drug, then as often as the study doctor thinks is necessary. To collect a bone marrow biopsy/aspirate, an area of the hip bone is numbed with anesthetic, and a small amount of bone and/or bone marrow is withdrawn through a large needle. After Cycle 3: If the study doctor decides it is acceptable, you may be allowed to receive treatment from your local cancer doctor. However, you have to return to Houston at least every 3 months for your study visits. The frequency of the visits will depend on what the doctor thinks is in your best interest. Length of Study: You may continue taking the study drug for as long as the doctor thinks it is in your best interest. You will no longer be able to take the study drug if the disease gets worse, if intolerable side effects occur, or if you are unable to follow study directions. Follow-Up Visits: One (1) time every 3 months after your last dose of study drug, you will return to the clinic for a bone marrow aspiration to check the status of the disease. Other Information: You may be given other drugs to help prevent side effects. The study staff will tell you about these drugs, how they will be given, and the possible risks. This is an investigational study. Decitabine and Azacitidine are both FDA approved and commercially available for use in patients with MDS. Up to 120 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Sign an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved informed consent document. 2. Age >/= than18 years 3. de novo or secondary International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) low- or intermediate-1 - risk MDS, including CMML 4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of </= 3 at study entry. 5. Organ function as defined: Serum creatinine </= 3 x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN), Total bilirubin </= 2 x ULN, Alanine transaminase (ALT) (SGPT) </= 2 x ULN 6. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days and will also need to use contraceptives. Men must agree not to father a child and agree to use a condom if his partner is of child bearing potential. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Breast feeding females 2. Prior therapy with decitabine or azacitidine

Study is Available At:

Original ID:




Secondary ID:


Study Acronym:

Brief Title:

Decitabine Versus Azacitidine in Myelodysplastic Syndrome Patients With Low and Intermediate-1 Risk

Official Title:

Phase II Randomized Study of Lower Doses of Decitabine (DAC; 20 mg/m2 IV Daily for 3 Days Every Month) Versus Azacitidine (AZA; 75 mg/m2 SC/IV Daily for 3 Days Every Month) in Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Patients With Low and Intermediate-1 Risk Diseas

Overall Status:


Study Phase:

Phase 2



Minimum Age:

18 Years

Maximum Age:


Quick Facts

Healthy Volunteers
Oversight Has DMC
Study Is FDA Regulated
Study Is Section 801
Has Expanded Access

Study Source:

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Oversight Authority:

United States: Food and Drug Administration

Reasons Why Stopped:

Study Type:


Study Design:

Number of Arms:


Number of Groups:


Total Enrollment:


Enrollment Type:


Overall Contact Information

Official Name:Elias Jabbour, MD
Principal Investigator
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Study Dates

Start Date:November 6, 2012
Completion Date:January 8, 2020
Completion Type:Actual
Primary Completion Date:January 8, 2020
Primary Completion Type:Actual
Verification Date:December 2020
Last Changed Date:December 1, 2020
First Received Date:October 31, 2012
First Results Date:December 1, 2020

Study Outcomes

Outcome Type:Primary Outcome
Measure:Participants With a Response
Time Frame:56 days
Safety Issues:False
Description:Overall Response = complete remission (CR) + partial remission (PR) + marrow CR (mCR) + hematologic improvement (HI). CR is normalization of peripheral blood and bone marrow with <5% bone marrow blasts, a peripheral blood granulocyte count > (1.0 x
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Number of Participants Who Became Transfusion Independent
Time Frame:8 weeks
Safety Issues:False
Description:Participants who were transfusion dependent at baseline prior to starting therapy on the Decitabine or Azacitidine arm will be analyzed for transfusion independence. Transfusion independence defined as being transfusion-free for ≥8 consecutive weeks betwe

Study Interventions

Intervention Type:Drug
Description:75 mg/m2 subcutaneously or by vein daily for 3 days (days 1-3) every 28 days.
Arm Name:Azacitidine
Other Name:AZA
Intervention Type:Drug
Description:20 mg/m2 by vein daily for 3 days (days 1-3) every 28 days.
Arm Name:Decitabine
Other Name:DAC

Study Arms

Study Arm Type:Experimental
Arm Name:Azacitidine
Description:Patients randomized to receive Azacitidine 75 mg/m2 subcutaneously or by vein daily for 3 days (days 1-3) every 28 days.
Study Arm Type:Experimental
Arm Name:Decitabine
Description:Patients randomized to receive Decitabine 20 mg/m2 by vein daily for 3 days (days 1-3) every 28 days.

Study Agencies

Agency Class:Other
Agency Type:Lead Sponsor
Agency Name:M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Sample and Retention Information

There are no available Sample and Retention Information

Study References

There are no available Study References

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: August 01, 2021

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