Bethesda, Maryland 20892

  • Small Cell Lung Cancer

Purpose:

BACKGROUND: - Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive cancer with a poor prognosis. Although highly responsive to chemotherapy initially, SCLC relapses quickly and becomes refractory to treatment within a few months. - The inability to destroy residual SCLC cells despite initial chemosensitivity suggests the existence of a highly effective DNA damage response network. SCLC is also characterized by high DNA replication stress (RB1 inactivation, MYC and CCNE1 activation). - There is only one FDA approved treatment for patients with relapsed SCLC after first-line chemotherapy: topotecan, which inhibits religation of topoisomerase I-mediated single-strand DNA breaks leading to lethal double-strand DNA breaks. Temozolomide, an oral alkylating agent, which causes DNA damage by alkylating guanine at position O6 also has activity in relapsed SCLC, particularly for brain metastases. - Preliminary evidence indicates that disruption of the immune checkpoint PD-1/PD-L1 pathway can yield responses in a subset of SCLC patients, but response rates (approximately equal to 10%) are lower than NSCLC and other tumors with comparable tumor mutational burden indicating additional immunosuppressive mechanisms at play in the SCLC tumor microenvironment. - M7824 is a bifunctional fusion protein consisting of an anti-programmed death ligand 1 (PDL1) antibody and the extracellular domain of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) receptor type 2, a TGF-beta trap. - Safety data from the dose-escalation study in solid tumors as well as preliminary data from expansion cohorts show that M7824 has a safety profile similar to other checkpoint inhibiting compounds. - Combining immunotherapy, and chemotherapy could synergistically improve the anticancer activity of immunotherapy. Combination of chemotherapy with immunotherapy have improved outcomes in NSCLC and melanoma leading to FDA approvals of such combinations. - We hypothesize that increased DNA damage induced by topotecan and temozolomide will complement the anti-tumor activity of M7824, in recurrent SCLC. OBJECTIVE: - The primary objective of the trial is to determine the efficacy (using objective response rate) of M7824 plus topotecan or temozolomide in relapsed SCLC. ELIGIBILITY: - Subjects with histological or cytological confirmation of SCLC. - Subjects must be greater than or equal to 18 years of age and have a performance status (ECOG) less than or equal to 2. - Subjects must not have received chemotherapy, or undergone major surgery within 2 weeks and radiotherapy within 24 hours prior to enrollment. - Subjects must have adequate organ function and measurable disease. DESIGN: - Arm A (M7824 monotherapy): Up to 10 patients may be treated with M7824 monotherapy to obtain safety and PK data, and a preliminary estimate of clinical responses to M7824 in SCLC. Patients with progressive disease on Arm A may then receive M7824 plus temozolomide as per description of treatment for Arm C. - Arm B (M7824 plus topotecan) and Arm C (M7824 plus temozolomide) will be administered in 3 and 4-week cycles respectively; these arms will have a safety run-in followed by efficacy analysis. Up to 10 patients with extrapulmonary small cell cancer will be enrolled in arm C to receive the combination of M7824 and temozolomide. - Optional tumor biopsies will be obtained at pre-treatment on C1D1 and C1D15 for Arm C; pre-treatment on C1D1 and C2D1 for arms A and B. - Every subject of each arm of the safety run-in will be observed for at least 7 days after first dose of M7824 before the subsequent subject can be treated. Subjects who are not evaluable for DLT will be replaced and not included into evaluation ARMS: - Arm A (3-week cycles): M7824 monotherapy 2400 mg every 3 weeks until disease progression or a criterion in Protocol is met. Patients with progressive disease on Arm A may then receive 1200 mg M7824 every 2 weeks plus temozolomide 200 mg/m^2/day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks. - Arm B (3-week cycles): M7824 2400 mg plus topotecan 1 mg/m2 on days 1-5 every 3 weeks until disease progression or a criterion in Protocol is met. - Arm C (4-week cycles): M7824 1200 mg every 2 weeks plus temozolomide 200 mg/m2/day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks until disease progression or a criterion in Protocol is met. Dose de-escalation Schedule Arm B Dose Level: M7824 - Topotecan Level 1 2400 mg every 3 weeks - 1 mg/m(2) on days 1-5 every 3 weeks Level-1 2400 mg every 3 weeks - 0.75 mg/m(2) on days 1-5 every weeks Dose de-escalation Schedule Arm C Dose Level: M7824 - Temozolomide Level 1200 mg every 2 weeks - 200 mg/m(2)/day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks Level-1 1200 mg every 2 weeks - 150 mg/m(2) day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks


Study summary:

BACKGROUND: - Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive cancer with a poor prognosis. Although highly responsive to chemotherapy initially, SCLC relapses quickly and becomes refractory to treatment within a few months. - The inability to destroy residual SCLC cells despite initial chemosensitivity suggests the existence of a highly effective DNA damage response network. SCLC is also characterized by high DNA replication stress (RB1 inactivation, MYC and CCNE1 activation). - There is only one FDA approved treatment for patients with relapsed SCLC after first-line chemotherapy: topotecan, which inhibits religation of topoisomerase I-mediated single-strand DNA breaks leading to lethal double-strand DNA breaks. Temozolomide, an oral alkylating agent, which causes DNA damage by alkylating guanine at position O6 also has activity in relapsed SCLC, particularly for brain metastases. - Preliminary evidence indicates that disruption of the immune checkpoint PD-1/PD-L1 pathway can yield responses in a subset of SCLC patients, but response rates (approximately equal to 10%) are lower than NSCLC and other tumors with comparable tumor mutational burden indicating additional immunosuppressive mechanisms at play in the SCLC tumor microenvironment. - M7824 is a bifunctional fusion protein consisting of an anti-programmed death ligand 1 (PDL1) antibody and the extracellular domain of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) receptor type 2, a TGF-beta trap. - Safety data from the dose-escalation study in solid tumors as well as preliminary data from expansion cohorts show that M7824 has a safety profile similar to other checkpoint inhibiting compounds. - Combining immunotherapy, and chemotherapy could synergistically improve the anticancer activity of immunotherapy. Combination of chemotherapy with immunotherapy have improved outcomes in NSCLC and melanoma leading to FDA approvals of such combinations. - We hypothesize that increased DNA damage induced by topotecan and temozolomide will complement the anti-tumor activity of M7824, in recurrent SCLC. OBJECTIVE: - The primary objective of the trial is to determine the efficacy (using objective response rate) of M7824 plus topotecan or temozolomide in relapsed SCLC. ELIGIBILITY: - Subjects with histological or cytological confirmation of SCLC. - Subjects must be greater than or equal to 18 years of age and have a performance status (ECOG) less than or equal to 2. - Subjects must not have received chemotherapy, or undergone major surgery within 2 weeks and radiotherapy within 24 hours prior to enrollment. - Subjects must have adequate organ function and measurable disease. DESIGN: - Arm A (M7824 monotherapy): Up to 10 patients may be treated with M7824 monotherapy to obtain safety and PK data, and a preliminary estimate of clinical responses to M7824 in SCLC. Patients with progressive disease on Arm A may then receive M7824 plus temozolomide as per description of treatment for Arm C. - Arm B (M7824 plus topotecan) and Arm C (M7824 plus temozolomide) will be administered in 3 and 4-week cycles respectively; these arms will have a safety run-in followed by efficacy analysis. Up to 10 patients with extrapulmonary small cell cancer will be enrolled in arm C to receive the combination of M7824 and temozolomide. - Optional tumor biopsies will be obtained at pre-treatment on C1D1 and C1D15 for Arm C; pre-treatment on C1D1 and C2D1 for arms A and B. - Every subject of each arm of the safety run-in will be observed for at least 7 days after first dose of M7824 before the subsequent subject can be treated. Subjects who are not evaluable for DLT will be replaced and not included into evaluation ARMS: - Arm A (3-week cycles): M7824 monotherapy 2400 mg every 3 weeks until disease progression or a criterion in Protocol is met. Patients with progressive disease on Arm A may then receive 1200 mg M7824 every 2 weeks plus temozolomide 200 mg/m^2/day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks. - Arm B (3-week cycles): M7824 2400 mg plus topotecan 1 mg/m2 on days 1-5 every 3 weeks until disease progression or a criterion in Protocol is met. - Arm C (4-week cycles): M7824 1200 mg every 2 weeks plus temozolomide 200 mg/m2/day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks until disease progression or a criterion in Protocol is met. Dose de-escalation Schedule Arm B Dose Level: M7824 - Topotecan Level 1 2400 mg every 3 weeks - 1 mg/m(2) on days 1-5 every 3 weeks Level-1 2400 mg every 3 weeks - 0.75 mg/m(2) on days 1-5 every weeks Dose de-escalation Schedule Arm C Dose Level: M7824 - Temozolomide Level 1200 mg every 2 weeks - 200 mg/m(2)/day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks Level-1 1200 mg every 2 weeks - 150 mg/m(2) day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks


Criteria:

- INCLUSION CRITERIA: - Patients must have must have histologically or cytologically confirmed SCLC. - Subjects who progressed on at least one prior chemotherapy. - Male and female subjects greater than or equal to 18 years of age. Because no dosing adverse event data are currently available on the use of topotecan, temozolomide and M7824 in subjects 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study. - ECOG performance status greater than or equal to 2. - Subjects must have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 - Subjects must not have received chemotherapy, or undergone major surgery within 2 weeks and radiotherapy within 24 hours prior to enrollment. - Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below: - hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9.0 g/dL - absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1.5x109/L - platelets greater than or equal to 100x10^9/L - total bilirubin less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dL - AST (SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 2.5 x ULN or if liver metastases were present, less than or equal to 5 x ULN - creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dL OR --creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 40 mL/min - Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. - The effects of the trial treatment on the developing human fetus are unknown; thus, women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use highly-effective contraception prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation and up to 120 days after the last dose of the drug. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: - Subjects with tumor amenable to potentially curative therapy per PI. - Subjects who are receiving any other investigational agents. Prior immunotherapy, topotecan and temozolomide are allowed. - History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to (study agent) or other agents used in study. - Subjects with symptomatic brain metastases will be excluded from trial secondary to poor prognosis. However, subjects who have asymptomatic brain metastases, and those had treatment for their brain metastasis and whose brain disease is stable without steroid therapy for 2 weeks may be enrolled (replacement doses less than or equal to 10 mg of prednisone or equivalent per day are allowed). - Subjects with evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic disease, or any concurrent condition, which could compromise participation in the study, including, but not limited to, active or uncontrolled infection, immune deficiencies (HIV-positive subjects on combination antiretroviral therapy are eligible), Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, uncontrolled diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction within the past 3 months, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, stroke/cerebrovascular accident within the past 3 months, bleeding diathesis or recent (within 3 months) clinically significant bleeding events or psychiatric illness/social situations which would jeopardize compliance with the protocol. - Pregnant women are excluded from this study because topotecan and temozolomide are Class D agents with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects and because the effects of M7824 on the developing human fetus are currently unknown. In addition, because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with topotecan, temozolomide or M7824, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with these agents - Active autoimmune disease that might deteriorate when receiving an immunostimulatory agent with the exceptions: - Diabetes type I, vitiligo, alopecia, psoriasis, hypo- or hyperthyroid disease not requiring immunosuppressive treatment are eligible; - Subjects requiring hormone replacement with corticosteroids are eligible if the steroids are administered only for the purpose of hormonal replacement and at doses less than or equal to 10 mg of prednisone or equivalent per day; - Administration of steroids for other conditions through a route known to result in a minimal systemic exposure (topical, intranasal, intro-ocular, or inhalation) is acceptable. - Systemic therapy with immunosuppressive agents within 7 days before enrollment. - Administration of live vaccines within 21 days prior to enrollment. - Known contraindication for topotecan or temozolomide


Study is Available At:


Original ID:

180110


NCT ID:

NCT03554473


Secondary ID:

18-C-0110


Study Acronym:


Brief Title:

M7824 and Topotecan or Temozolomide in Relapsed Small Cell Lung Cancers


Official Title:

Safety Run-In and Phase II Trial of M7824 and Topotecan or Temozolomide in Relapsed Small Cell Lung Cancers


Overall Status:

Recruiting


Study Phase:

Phase 1/Phase 2


Genders:

N/A


Minimum Age:

18 Years


Maximum Age:

N/A


Quick Facts

Healthy Volunteers
Oversight Has DMC
Study Is FDA Regulated
Study Is Section 801
Has Expanded Access

Study Source:

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)


Oversight Authority:

There was an error processing this request


Reasons Why Stopped:


Study Type:

Interventional


Study Design:


Number of Arms:

3


Number of Groups:

0


Total Enrollment:

67


Enrollment Type:

Anticipated


Overall Contact Information

Official Name:Anish Thomas, M.D.
Principal Investigator
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Primary Contact:Linda C Sciuto, R.N.
(240) 760-6117
lsciuto@mail.nih.gov

Study Dates

Start Date:September 11, 2018
Completion Date:January 15, 2025
Completion Type:Anticipated
Primary Completion Date:January 15, 2024
Primary Completion Type:Anticipated
Verification Date:May 14, 2021
Last Changed Date:May 21, 2021
First Received Date:June 9, 2018

Study Outcomes

Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:PFS, DOR and OS
Time Frame:From start of the trial until disease progresion of death.
Safety Issues:False
Description:PFS will begin at the on-study date, and will consider progressions as well as death without progression as an event; OS will also begin at the on-study date and will consider any death as an event. DOR will begin at the date that a PR or CR has been iden
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Safety
Time Frame:21 days (Arm B) or 28 days (Arm C)
Safety Issues:False
Description:Safety of the agent will be assessed by determining the grade of adverse events noted in each patient, and reporting the fraction with grade 3 and grade 4 adverse events.
Outcome Type:Primary Outcome
Measure:Efficacy
Time Frame:6 weeks (Arm B) or 8 weeks (Arm C)
Safety Issues:False
Description:The fraction of evaluable patients who experience a PR or CR will be determined and this fraction will be reported along with an 80% and 95% confidence interval.

Study Interventions

Intervention Type:Drug
Name:M7824
Description:Arm A & B: 2400mg IV over up to 120 minutes every 3 weeks on a 3-week cycle. Arm C: 1200 mg IV over 1 hour every 2 weeks on a 4-week cycle.
Arm Name:Arm A/M7824 Monotherapy
Intervention Type:Drug
Name:Topotecan
Description:Arm B: 1 mg/m2 IV over 30 minutes days 1-5 on a 3-week cycle.
Arm Name:Arm B/M7824 plus topotecan
Intervention Type:Drug
Name:Temozolomide
Description:Arm C and progressive disease patients on Arm A: 200 mg/m2 PO days 1-5 on a 4-week cycle
Arm Name:Arm C/M7824 plus temozolomide safety

Study Arms

Study Arm Type:Experimental
Arm Name:Arm C/M7824 plus temozolomide safety
Description:M7824 (IV) days 1 and 15 plus temozolomide (oral) on days 1-5 of a 28- day cycle. At least 6 subjects with SCLC to receive M7824 plus temozolomide to determine safety. 4 more SCLC patients enrolled at initial or lower dose for efficacy. If efficacious, an additional 12 SCLC subjects enrolled. After the 6 safety SCLC cohort, subjects with extrapulmonary small cell cancers will be enrolled.
Study Arm Type:Experimental
Arm Name:Arm B/M7824 plus topotecan
Description:M7824 (IV) on day 1 plus topotecan (IV) on days 1-5 of a 21- day cycle. At least 6 subjects to receive M7824 plus topotecan to determine safety. 4 more patients enrolled at initial or lower dose for efficacy. If efficacious, an additional 12 subjects enrolled.
Study Arm Type:Experimental
Arm Name:Arm A/M7824 Monotherapy
Description:M7824 (IV) monotherapy once every 21 days on a 21-day cycle. If patients have progressive disease on arm A, they may receive combination therapy of M7824 and Temozolomide.

Study Agencies

Agency Class:NIH
Agency Type:Lead Sponsor
Agency Name:National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Sample and Retention Information

There are no available Sample and Retention Information

Study References

There are no available Study References

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: July 25, 2021

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