Houston, Texas 77030

  • Philadelphia Chromosome

Purpose:

This phase II trial studies how well dexrazoxane hydrochloride works in preventing heart-related side effects of chemotherapy in participants with blood cancers, such as acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, chronic myeloid leukemia, and myeloproliferative neoplasms. Chemoprotective drugs, such as dexrazoxane hydrochloride, may protect the heart from the side effects of drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cladribine, idarubicin, cytarabine, and gemtuzumab ozogamicin, in participants with blood cancers.


Study summary:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To estimate the percentage of patients experiencing a decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 10 percent from baseline or decrease in LVEF below the normal limit of 50% during treatment with dexrazoxane (dexrazoxane hydrochloride) combined with cladribine, idarubicin, cytarabine, and Mylotarg (gemtuzumab ozogamicin) within the first 6-months of treatment. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To estimate the incidence of these cardiac symptoms while on dexrazoxane combined with idarubicin-based treatment: clinical heart failure, exertional dyspnea, orthopnea, S3 gallop, acute coronary syndrome, acute pulmonary edema and life-threatening arrhythmias. II. To assess and monitor the change of troponin I (while still standard of care at MD Anderson) and high-sensitivity troponin T during treatment. III. Collect safety/toxicity profile. IV. To assess rates of complete remission (CR)/complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi). (Cohorts 1-3) V. Other efficacy endpoints of interest include overall response, overall survival, event-free survival and remission duration. (Cohorts 1-3) VI. To assess the recurrence-free survival rate at 6 months. (Cohort 4) EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess the metal chelation effects of dexrazoxane combined with chemotherapy (Mylotarg, cladribine, idarubicin, and cytarabine) by quantifying concentrations of toxic and essential metals and isotopic abundance ratios of blood and bone marrow before and during treatment. II. To study and describe the relationship between pretreatment patient / disease characteristics (including cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities) and clinical outcomes. III. To identify molecular biomarkers predictive of response to therapy. IV. To study and describe the relationship between patient / disease characteristics, use of intrathecal prophylaxis, and incidence of leptomeningeal disease. V. To observe rates of fungal and other infections on the regimen. VI. To study environmental exposure data based on an environmental health assessment survey. VII. To explore the impact of minimal residual disease (MRD) on relapse. OUTLINE: INDUCTION PHASE: Participants receive gemtuzumab ozogamicin intravenously (IV) over 2 hours on days 1, 4, and 7, cladribine IV over 1-2 hours on days 1-5, dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes on days 1-3, idarubicin IV over 30 minutes on days 1-3, and cytarabine IV over 2 hours on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 3-7 weeks for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. CONSOLIDATION PHASE: After induction phase, participants receive gemtuzumab ozogamicin IV over 2 hours on day 1, cladribine IV over 1-2 hours on days 1-3, dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes on days 1-2, idarubicin IV over 30 minutes on days 1-2, and cytarabine IV over 2 hours on days 1-3. Treatment repeats every 3-7 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. MAINTENANCE PHASE: Participants who go into remission or who are already in remission receive gemtuzumab ozogamicin IV over 2 hours on day 1 of course 1 and then every 2-3 months as needed. Participants also receive dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes and idarubicin IV over 30 minutes on day 1, and cytarabine subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-7. Courses repeat every 3-7 weeks for 32 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up every 6-12 months.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is greater than or equal to 50% by echocardiography (echo) or multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan. - Patients of child bearing potential should use contraception. - Patients with a diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), or high risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (>= 10% blasts or International Prognostic Scoring System [IPSS] >= intermediate-2) or high-risk myeloproliferative neoplasm will be eligible. - Patients with untreated or previously untreated chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in myeloid blast phase or (Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) AML are also eligible. - Patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms in blast phase will be eligible. - Patients with isolated extramedullary myeloid neoplasm will be eligible. - Patients with active CNS (central nervous system) disease are eligible. - Bilirubin < 2mg/dL. - AST (aspartate aminotransferase) and/or ALT (alanine aminotransferase) < 3 x ULN (upper limit of normal) - or < 5 x ULN if related to leukemic involvement. - Creatinine < 1.5 x ULN. - Hyperbilirubinemia is allowed if due to Gilbert's hyperbilirubinemia. - A negative urine pregnancy test is required within 1 week for all women of childbearing potential prior to enrolling on this trial. - Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use contraception prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. - Patient must have the ability to understand the requirements of the study and signed informed consent. A signed informed consent by the patient or his legally authorized representative is required prior to their enrollment on the protocol. - Prior therapy for any of the cohorts may include with hydroxyurea, rescue doses of cytarabine, various combination-chemotherapy regimens, hematopoietic growth factors, azacytidine, decitabine, ATRA (all-trans retinoic acid). - Cohort 1: Frontline cohort patients are eligible in the frontline cohort if they are untreated or previously treated already in CR if they received 3 or fewer cycles of previous chemotherapy (including either 1 induction and 2 consolidations or 2 inductions and 1 consolidation). - Cohort 2: Salvage cohort in 1st and 2nd salvage patients are eligible in the salvage cohort 2 if they have active disease after first or second relapse or if they are in CR after previously documented first or second relapse as long as they if they have received 3 or fewer cycles of chemotherapy to achieve the most current CR. - Cohort 3: Salvage cohort in 3rd salvage and beyond patients may be eligible in salvage cohort 3 if they have active disease after 3rd or greater relapse or if they are in CR after a previously documented relapse (3rd or greater), but may have only received 3 or fewer cycles of chemotherapy to achieve the most current CR. - Cohort 4: Maintenance cohort: Patients in CR who are considered by treating physician to benefit from maintenance therapy are eligible for maintenance therapy with dexrazoxane combined with idarubicin plus cytarabine. Exclusion Criteria: - Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which judged by the investigator, places the patient at unacceptable risk. - Active heart disease defined as: Unstable coronary syndromes, unstable or severe angina, recent myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months. - Decompensated heart failure (HF). - Clinically significant arrhythmias. - Severe valvular disease. - History of coronary artery disease (CAD). - Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the agents used in this study have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is a potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with the chemotherapy agents, breastfeeding should also be avoided. - Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements per the judgment of the investigator. - Patient with documented hypersensitivity to any of the components of the chemotherapy program. - Men and women of childbearing potential who do not practice contraception.


Study is Available At:


Original ID:

2017-0937


NCT ID:

NCT03589729


Secondary ID:

NCI-2018-01108


Study Acronym:


Brief Title:

Dexrazoxane Hydrochloride in Preventing Heart-Related Side Effects of Chemotherapy in Participants With Blood Cancers


Official Title:

Cardioprotection With Dexrazoxane in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS), Myeloid Blast Phase of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML), Ph+ AML, and Myeloid Blast Phase of Myeloproliferative Neoplasms


Overall Status:

Recruiting


Study Phase:

Phase 2


Genders:

N/A


Minimum Age:

12 Years


Maximum Age:

N/A


Quick Facts

Healthy Volunteers
Oversight Has DMC
Study Is FDA Regulated
Study Is Section 801
Has Expanded Access

Study Source:

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center


Oversight Authority:

There was an error processing this request


Reasons Why Stopped:


Study Type:

Interventional


Study Design:


Number of Arms:

1


Number of Groups:

0


Total Enrollment:

100


Enrollment Type:

Anticipated


Overall Contact Information

Official Name:Maro Ohanian
Principal Investigator
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Primary Contact:Maro Ohanian
713-792-2631
mohanian@mdanderson.org

Study Dates

Start Date:September 19, 2018
Completion Date:December 31, 2020
Completion Type:Anticipated
Primary Completion Date:December 31, 2020
Primary Completion Type:Anticipated
Verification Date:December 2019
Last Changed Date:December 12, 2019
First Received Date:June 25, 2018

Study Outcomes

Outcome Type:Primary Outcome
Measure:Percentage of patients experiencing a decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)
Time Frame:Baseline up to 6 months
Safety Issues:False
Description:Will assess a decrease in LVEF of 10 percent from baseline or decrease in LVEF below the normal limit of 50% during treatment with dexrazoxane hydrochloride combined with cladribine, idarubicin, cytarabine, and gemtuzumab ozogamicin.
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Incidence of cardiac symptoms
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issues:False
Description:Cardiac symptoms to be evaluated include: clinical heart failure, exertional dyspnea, orthopnea, S3 gallop, acute coronary syndrome, acute pulmonary edema and life-threatening arrhythmias
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Assessment of change in troponin I and high-sensitivity troponin T
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issues:False
Description:Troponin levels will be collected before and after the day 1 dose of idarubicin each month during induction, consolidation, and maintenance therapy.
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Incidence of adverse events
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issues:False
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Complete remission (CR) /complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi) rates (Cohorts 1-3)
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issues:False
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Overall response (Cohorts 1-3)
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issues:False
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Overall survival (Cohorts 1-3)
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issues:False
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Event-free survival (Cohorts 1-3)
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issues:False
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Remission duration (Cohorts 1-3)
Time Frame:Up to 1 year
Safety Issues:False
Outcome Type:Secondary Outcome
Measure:Recurrence-free survival
Time Frame:Up to 6 months
Safety Issues:False
Description:The recurrence-free survival rate at 6 months will be a binary endpoint where the recurrence including death occurred within 6 months of treatment will be considered as "recurrence event".

Study Interventions

Intervention Type:Drug
Name:Cladribine
Description:Given IV
Arm Name:Supportive care (dexrazoxane hydrochloride, chemot
Other Name:2-CdA
Intervention Type:Drug
Name:Cytarabine
Description:Given IV
Arm Name:Supportive care (dexrazoxane hydrochloride, chemot
Other Name:.beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
Intervention Type:Drug
Name:Dexrazoxane Hydrochloride
Description:Given IV
Arm Name:Supportive care (dexrazoxane hydrochloride, chemot
Other Name:Cardioxane
Intervention Type:Drug
Name:Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin
Description:Given IV
Arm Name:Supportive care (dexrazoxane hydrochloride, chemot
Other Name:Calicheamicin-Conjugated Humanized Anti-CD33 Monoc
Intervention Type:Drug
Name:Idarubicin
Description:Given IV
Arm Name:Supportive care (dexrazoxane hydrochloride, chemot
Other Name:4-Demethoxydaunomycin

Study Arms

Study Arm Type:Experimental
Arm Name:Supportive care (dexrazoxane hydrochloride, chemotherapy)
Description:See detailed description.

Study Agencies

Agency Class:Other
Agency Type:Lead Sponsor
Agency Name:M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Agency Class:NIH
Agency Type:Collaborator
Agency Name:National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Sample and Retention Information

There are no available Sample and Retention Information

Study References

There are no available Study References

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: March 30, 2020

Modifications to this listing: Only selected fields are shown, please use the link below to view all information about this clinical trial.


If you would like to be contacted by the clinical trial representative please fill out the form below.