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Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455

  • Related Disorders


The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of phenytoin on the self-administration of smoked cocaine.

Study summary:

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of phenytoin on smoked cocaine-base self-administration using our laboratory self-administration model. A total of 12 patients randomized, 6 to phenytoin and 6 to placebo treatment group. There were 2 phases in this 10-day inpatient study. Phase 1 subjects underwent one cocaine self-admin session. Randomization took place at the start of Phase 2, Day 4 where subjects received either placebo or phenytoin. The subjects assigned to phenytoin treatment received an oral loading dose (20mg/kg) aimed at achieving plasma phenytoin concentration of (10-20 mg/L). During Phase 2, subjects had the opportunity to self-administer cocaine on Days 5, 7, and 9. The plasma phenytoin levels were expected to decrease gradually during Phase 2 which provided an opportunity to study the effect of decreasing phenytoin plasma concentrations on cocaine self-administration.


Inclusion Criteria: Males/Females between the ages of 20-40. History of smoked cocaine use on the avg. of at least 2 times/week over a 6 month period. Have currently used at least 1 g of cocaine within a 4-6 hr period. Current history of good health, normal serum albumin levels and normal QTc intervals. Nonreactive for HIV. No participation in any of our studies for the past 6 months. For females: not pregnant as determined by pregnancy screening nor breat feeding, and using acceptable birth control methods (e.g. birth control pills, diaphragm, condoms plus foam). Exclusion Criteria: History of suicide attempt, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or generalized anxiety disorder. Current problem with major depressive disorder. Current use of alcohol or other durgs on a daily basis. History of major medical illnesses. Currently on parole, probation or a legal history of violence. Treated for chemical dependency within the past 6 months. Use of any psychotropic drugs including MAOIs in the past 6 months.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Dorothy Hatsukami, Ph.D.
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: April 07, 2020

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