Expired Study
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Washington, District of Columbia 20007


Purpose:

To determine the effects of fluconazole and either rifabutin or clarithromycin, alone and in combination, on the pharmacokinetics of first sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim and then dapsone in HIV-infected patients. Although prophylaxis for more than one opportunistic infection is emerging as a common clinical practice in patients with advanced HIV disease, little is known about possible adverse drug interactions. The need exists to define pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic adverse interactions of the many combination prophylactic regimens that may be prescribed.


Study summary:

Although prophylaxis for more than one opportunistic infection is emerging as a common clinical practice in patients with advanced HIV disease, little is known about possible adverse drug interactions. The need exists to define pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic adverse interactions of the many combination prophylactic regimens that may be prescribed. In Part A, patients receive sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SMX/TMP) alone for 2 weeks, then in combination with fluconazole, rifabutin, or both drugs, each over 2-week periods in a randomly assigned order. Patients in Part B receive the same regimens except with clarithromycin substituted for rifabutin. In Part C, patients receive dapsone alone for 2 weeks, then in combination with fluconazole, rifabutin, or both drugs in the same manner as in Part A. Part D patients receive the same regimen as those in Part C, except with clarithromycin substituted for rifabutin. Patients are followed every 2 weeks.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria Concurrent Medication: Allowed: - Antiretroviral therapy provided patient has been on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry. - Methadone for drug abuse programs provided patient has been on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to the study. Patients must have: - HIV infection. - CD4 count >= 200 cells/mm3. - No active opportunistic infection. Prior Medication: Allowed: - Antiretroviral therapy. - Methadone for drug abuse therapy. Exclusion Criteria Co-existing Condition: Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded: - Suspicion of gastrointestinal malabsorption problems (at discretion of investigator). - Known hypersensitivity to dapsone, SMX, or other sulfonamides, trimethoprim, clarithromycin, rifabutin or other rifamycins, fluconazole, or other azoles. - G-6-PD deficiency or methemoglobinemia (in Part C and D patients only). Concurrent Medication: Excluded: - Cytolytic agents. - Amiodarone. - Anesthetics, general. - Astemizole. - Azithromycin. - Barbiturates. - Carbamazepine. - Cimetidine. - Ciprofloxacin. - Cisapride. - Clarithromycin (except as required on study). - Clotrimazole. - Dexamethasone. - Disulfiram. - Erythromycin. - Fluoroquinolones. - Fluoxetine. - Gestodene. - Hydrochlorothiazide. - Hypoglycemics, oral. - Isoniazid. - Itraconazole. - Ketoconazole. - Levomepromazine. - Loratadine. - MAO inhibitors. - Methoxsalen. - Miconazole. - Nafcillin. - Narcotic analgesics. - Naringenin. - Nifedipine. - Norethindrone. - Pentazocine. - Phenothiazines. - Phenytoin. - Protease inhibitors. - Quinidine. - Ranitidine. - Rifabutin (except as required on study). - Rifampin. - Sedative hypnotics. - Sulfaphenazole. - Terfenadine. - Tranquilizers (unless allowed by investigator). - Tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants. - Troleandomycin. - Warfarin. Concurrent Treatment: Excluded: - Radiation therapy. Prior Medication: Excluded: - Cytolytic agents within 5 years prior to study entry. - Rifabutin and/or rifampin within 4 weeks prior to study entry. - Fluconazoles or other azoles within 4 weeks prior to study entry. - Glutathione, glutathione precursors, or related prodrugs within 2 weeks prior to study entry. Excluded within 72 hours prior to study entry: - Amiodarone. - Anesthetics, general. - Astemizole. - Azithromycin. - Cimetidine. - Ciprofloxacin. - Cisapride. - Clarithromycin. - Dexamethasone. - Disulfiram. - Erythromycin. - Fluoroquinolones. - Fluoxetine. - Hydrochlorothiazide. - Hypoglycemics, oral. - Isoniazid. - Levomepromazine. - Loratadine. - MAO inhibitors. - Methoxsalen. - Nafcillin. - Narcotic analgesics. - Naringenin. - Nifedipine. - Norethindrone. - Pentazocine. - Phenothiazines. - Phenytoin. - Protease inhibitors. - Quinidine. - Ranitidine. - Sedative hypnotics. - Sulfaphenazole. - Terfenadine. - Tranquilizers (unless allowed by investigator). - Troleandomycin. - Warfarin. Excluded within 4 weeks prior to study entry: - Barbiturates. - Carbamazepine. - Clotrimazole. - Gestodene. - Itraconazole. - Ketoconazole. - Miconazole. - Omeprazole. - Rifabutin. - Rifampin. - Tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants. Prior Treatment: Excluded: - Blood transfusion within 1 week prior to study entry. - Radiation therapy within 5 years prior to study entry. Active drug or alcohol abuse or dependence that would preclude completion of study.


NCT ID:

NCT00000826


Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Unadkat J


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Washington, District of Columbia 20007
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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