Expired Study
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San Francisco, California 94110


Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of memantine, an experimental drug, in improving AIDS dementia complex (ADC). The symptoms of ADC can be improved with zidovudine (ZDV). However, ZDV therapy has been associated with significant toxicities, and the effectiveness of ZDV seems to decrease during the second and third years of therapy. The effectiveness of other antiretroviral drugs as treatment for ADC is not known, so it is important to explore alternative therapies.


Study summary:

The signs and symptoms of the AIDS Dementia Complex can be alleviated by zidovudine (ZDV). However, ZDV therapy has been associated with significant toxicities, particularly bone marrow suppression. The efficacy of ZDV appears to decrease during the second and third years of therapy. It is not known whether this reflects cumulative toxicity. In addition, the efficacy of other antiretroviral agents remains uncertain. Hence, adjunctive therapy for cognitive and motor symptoms of AIDS is important. Patients will be randomized to one of the following 2 arms: Arm 1 receives memantine plus concurrent antiretroviral therapy; Arm 2 receives placebo plus concurrent antiretroviral therapy. The initial dose of memantine is increased each week for the next 3 weeks, unless a maximum tolerated dose is reached. Following a 16-week evaluation period there is a 4-week washout prior to re-assessment. After the washout period, all patients, including those formerly randomized to the placebo arm, are given the opportunity to receive an open-label, 12-week administration of memantine. [AS PER AMENDMENT 4/6/99: The open-label phase is extended by 48 weeks to a total of 60 weeks of therapy. Patients who did not receive the initial 12 weeks of open-label treatment are eligible still for the 48-week open-label treatment phase.]


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria You may be eligible for this study if you: - Are HIV positive. - Have been diagnosed with AIDS dementia complex (ADC). - Have an estimated IQ of at least 70 (before the onset of ADC) or the ability to read at a 6th grade level. - Have impaired mental skills. - Are age18 or older. Exclusion Criteria You will not be eligible for this study if you: - Have a history of a neurologic disease unrelated to HIV infection. - Have a history of chronic seizures or head injuries. - Have a history of central nervous system infections. - Have certain cancers. - Have any psychiatric illness. - Have an active AIDS-defining opportunistic infection. - Are pregnant or breast-feeding.


NCT ID:

NCT00000867


Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Bradford Navia


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

San Francisco, California 94110
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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