Bethesda, Maryland 20892

  • Parasitic Disease


This study will investigate how, why and under what conditions eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) become activated and will examine their function in immune reactions. Eosinophil counts often rise in response to allergies, asthma, and parasitic worm infections. They can also go up in uncommon autoimmune conditions and, rarely, in association with tumors. Elevated levels of these cells is called eosinophilia. Usually, eosinophilia causes no apparent symptoms, but in rare cases there may be local swelling and itching, allergic lung problems, heart disease or nerve damage caused by the release of toxic substances in these cells into body tissues. Patients 1 to 100 years of age with eosinophil counts greater than 750/ml or an abnormal accumulation of eosinophils in the skin or body tissues may be eligible for this study. All participants will have a thorough medical history, physical examination and blood tests. Depending on the person's age and symptoms, other diagnostic tests may be done, including specialized studies of the eye, lungs, skin, bone marrow, nerves or heart. This is not a treatment study, and no experimental treatments will be offered. Patients who require treatment will receive standard medical care. Certain other procedures may be requested solely for research purposes. All participants will be asked to donate extra blood for laboratory studies investigating how immune cells and other immune substances in the blood act to stimulate a rise in eosinophils. In addition, some participants may undergo one or more of the following: - Annual Follow-up evaluations - Physical examinations and blood tests to evaluate changes in the patient's condition and eosinophil counts over time. - Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration will be recommended during the initial evaluation, and in certain patients at other times when it is important to look directly at the newly developing cells in the bone marrow. For this procedure an area of skin and bone is anesthetized with xylocaine (an anesthetic similar to that used by dentists), and a very sharp needle is used to sample the bone marrow for evaluation. Bone marrow biopsy and aspiration can have side effects of pain and/or bleeding into the skin and soft tissues at the site of the procedure. Rarely the area at the biopsy site can become infected, and is treated with antibiotics. - Genetic testing: Some of the blood drawn from you as part of this study will be used for genetic tests. Genetic tests can help researchers study how health or illness is passed on to you by your parents or from you to your children. Any genetic information collected or discovered about you or your family will be confidential. - Leukapheresis (only patients 18 years and older) to collect large numbers of certain cells - In this procedure, whole blood is collected through a needle placed in an arm vein. The blood circulates through a machine that separates it into its components. The white cells are then removed and the rest of the blood is returned to the body, either through the same needle used to draw the blood or through a second needle placed in the other arm.

Study summary:

Study Description: This study is designed to collect data and clinical samples from participants with elevated eosinophil counts in the peripheral blood or tissues or their relatives to enhance our understanding of the mechanisms driving eosinophilia and eosinophil activation in patients with a wide range of eosinophilic disorders with the ultimate goal of improving diagnostics and identifying novel treatment modalities for these patients. Eosinophilic participants will undergo an extensive clinical evaluation at baseline and at least yearly thereafter focused on the identification of the cause of eosinophilia and the presence of end organ manifestations. Blood, bone marrow, tissue, and/or body fluids will be collected for research purposes at initial and follow-up visits to address broader questions relating to the varied etiologies of eosinophilia, biomarkers of disease activity and eosinophil activation, and the functional role of eosinophils in homeostasis and disease pathogenesis. While this protocol is not primarily designed to study treatment of eosinophilic patients, the clinical and immunological responses to therapy will be monitored. This protocol will also allow clinical and laboratory evaluation of family members of subjects with eosinophilia to help identify genetic causes of eosinophilia and to provide controls for immunologic studies. Objectives: Primary Objective: to understand the mechanisms driving eosinophilia and eosinophil activation in patients with a wide range of eosinophilic disorders Secondary Objectives: 1. To develop a diagnostic algorithm that accurately classifies eosinophilic patients by underlying etiology 2. To determine the mechanisms underlying eosinophil activation and recruitment to the blood and tissues 3. To understand the mechanisms of action of therapeutic agents used or in development for the treatment of HES 4. To assess the signs and symptoms experienced by patients with HES Exploratory Objectives: 1. To investigate the multifunctional role of eosinophils in settings other than HES 2. To understand the long-term effects of eosinophilia in patients with HES Endpoints: Primary Endpoint: Identification and characterization of clinical and genetic variants of hypereosinophilic syndromes (HES) Secondary Endpoints: 1. Identification of laboratory and clinical tests that distinguish between clinical and genetic variants of HES 2a. Identification of biomarkers of disease activity and specific organ involvement in eosinophilic disorders 2b. Identification of new therapeutic targets for the treatment of HES 3. Delineation of the effects of therapeutic agents on eosinophil development, activation, recruitment to tissues and/or apoptosis 4. Creation of a patient-related outcomes questionnaire for use in future treatment studies of HES Exploratory Endpoints: 1. Description of the consequences of eosinophilia and/or eosinophil depletion in the context of varied immunologic and inflammatory settings 2. Collection of standardized longitudinal data on disease activity and outcome in patients with hypereosinophilia.


- INCLUSION CRITERIA: In order to be eligible to participate in this study, an individual must meet all of the following criteria: 1. Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and availability for the duration of the study 2. Male or female, aged 1-100 3. Ability of subject (or Legally Authorized Representative (LAR)) to understand and sign a written informed consent document Eosinophilic Patients only: 4. Documented peripheral blood count >1500/mm3, tissue eosinophilia (abnormal accumulation of eosinophils in the skin or other body tissues) or suspected eosinophilic end organ involvement 5. Primary (non-NIH) physician for routine medical care Relatives only: 6. Extended family member of an eosinophilic participant on this protocol EXCLUSION CRITERIA: An individual who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in this study: 1. Any condition(s) or diagnosis, physical and/or psychological, that the investigator feels precludes the patient from participation in the study. Relatives only: 2. Females must not be pregnant



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Amy D Klion, M.D.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Nicole C Holland-Thomas, R.N.
Phone: (301) 402-5969

Backup Contact:

Amy D Klion, M.D.
Phone: (301) 435-8903

Location Contact:

Bethesda, Maryland 20892
United States

For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)
Phone: 800-411-1222

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: December 07, 2022

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