Bethesda, Maryland 20892

  • Healthy Volunteers


Patients with lung disease experiencing difficulty breathing can be treated with oxygen therapy. This involves the delivery of "extra" oxygen by a face-mask or through small tubes placed in the nose called nasal prongs. This extra oxygen can have concentrations as high as 100% pure oxygen. The concentration of oxygen in normal air is only 21%. The high concentration of oxygen can help to provide enough oxygen for all of the organs in the body. Unfortunately, breathing 100% oxygen for long periods of time can cause changes in the lungs, which are potentially harmful. Researchers believe that by lowering the concentration of oxygen therapy to 40% patients can receive it for longer periods of time without the risk of side effects. This study is designed to evaluate the effects of oxygen therapy at 100% and 40% for 12 18 hours on the lungs of normal volunteers. Results of this study will help to determine if levels of oxygen therapy currently accepted as being "safe" may actually be damaging to the lungs.

Study summary:

Stress such as high oxygen or inflammation can result in damage to proteins by processes such as oxidation or alternative regulation of signaling pathways by post-translational modification of proteins (e.g., phosphorylation). Delivery of oxygen in high concentrations to the lungs can result in damage, which is mediated in large part by reactive oxygen species. Inflammation can result in activation of intracellular signaling pathways. This study will evaluate modification of proteins and nucleic acids in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, bronchial epithelial cells, and peripheral blood of individuals exposed to oxygen or who are smokers. In doing so, it will determine the effects of hyperoxia or inflammation on the lung.


- INCLUSION CRITERIA: History - good overall health without history of recent (within 3 months) acute disease; Physical examination within normal limits; Laboratory evaluation; including complete blood count (CBC), serum electrolyte determinations, clotting times, chest x-ray, pulmonary function testing, and an electrocardiogram (EKG) - within normal limits; Non-smokers defined as having never smoked or not smoked in the past 2 years; Smokers defined as moderate (1 pack per day for 3+ years) or heavy (1-2 packs for 10+ years); Subjects must be willing to make the time commitment necessary for the study. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Any study subject who does not fulfill the criteria for eligibility. Individuals with a history of allergy or adverse reactions to atropine or any local anesthetic; Individuals testing positive for the human immunodeficiency virus or hepatitis virus; Individuals on chronic medications or currently receiving medications; Pregnant or lactating individuals, since the effects of hyperoxia on the fetus are unclear.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Joel Moss, M.D.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Bethesda, Maryland 20892
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: April 03, 2020

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