Charlottesville, Virginia 22908

  • Melanoma (Skin)


RATIONALE: Vaccines made from melanoma cells may make the body build an immune response to and kill tumor cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as GM-CSF may increase the number of immune cells found in the bone marrow or peripheral blood. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill melanoma cells. Combining vaccine therapy with GM-CSF and interleukin-2 may be kill more tumor cells. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of vaccines made from melanoma cells with or without GM-CSF followed by interleukin-2 in treating patients with stage III or stage IV melanoma.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the effectiveness of vaccination with synthetic melanoma peptides pulsed on autologous dendritic cells versus vaccination with synthetic melanoma peptides plus sargramostim (GM-CSF) in decreasing tumor burden in patients with high risk melanoma (pulsed autologous dendritic cell arm closed 1/8/2001). II. Determine whether these regimens result in increased tumor specific immune responses as measured in vitro and in vivo. III. Determine whether these regimens stimulate T-cell responses in these patients. OUTLINE: This is an open label study. Patients are included in treatment arm II only (arm I closed 1/8/2001): Arm I: Patients undergo leukapheresis to collect dendritic cells. Patients receive a mixture of synthetic melanoma peptides (gp100 antigen, tyrosinase, and tetanus peptides) pulsed on autologous dendritic cells IV and subcutaneously (SC). Arm II: Patients receive a mixture of synthetic melanoma peptides (gp100 antigen, tyrosinase, and tetanus peptides) and sargramostim (GM-CSF) emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 SC and intradermally. Patients receive vaccination during weeks 0, 1, 2, 4, 5, and 6 for a total of 6 doses and interleukin-2 SC daily on days 7-49. Patients receive 3 additional vaccinations at different sites not involved with the tumor concurrently with the first 3 vaccinations. Patients are evaluated at 8 weeks, 12 weeks, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 27-54 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically confirmed stage III or IV melanoma gp100 positive tumor cells and/or tyrosinase positive tumor cells HLA type A1, A2, or A3 Measurable disease May have up to 3 brain metastases if all are less than 2 cm in diameter and are asymptomatic, and there is no mass effect or they have been treated successfully by surgical excision or by gamma knife radiation therapy PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 79 Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,000/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin greater than 9 g/dL Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) AST and ALT no greater than 2.5 times ULN Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2.5 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN Cardiovascular: No New York Heart Association class II, III, or IV heart disease Other: No known or suspected allergy to any component of the vaccine No medical condition that would preclude study Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 3 months since prior growth factors At least 3 months since prior agents with putative immunomodulating activity (except nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents) At least 1 year since other prior melanoma vaccinations Chemotherapy: At least 3 months since prior chemotherapy No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 3 months since prior corticosteroids No concurrent corticosteroids Radiotherapy: At least 3 months since prior radiotherapy No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Other: At least 3 months since other prior investigational drugs or therapy At least 3 months since prior allergy desensitization injections At least 14 days since completion of acute treatment for a serious infection No concurrent allergy desensitization injections



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Craig L. Slingluff, MD
University of Virginia

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Charlottesville, Virginia 22908
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: June 22, 2021

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