Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104

  • Head and Neck Cancer


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs such as amifostine may prevent the side effects of radiation therapy. Combining more than one drug and combining radiation therapy and surgery with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining surgery, radiation therapy, and combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have recurrent head and neck cancer that has been treated previously with radiation therapy.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: - Determine the effectiveness and toxic effects of intensive salvage therapy and radiotherapy in previously irradiated patients with recurrent head and neck cancer. - Determine the feasibility and effectiveness of amifostine at limiting or minimizing side effects of repeat irradiation in these patients. OUTLINE: Patients undergo surgical resection of gross disease (if not already done) followed by 4-6 weeks of rest. Patients receive radiotherapy over 5 consecutive days on weeks 1, 2, 4, and 5. Intravenous cisplatin is administered on days 1-3 and 29-31. Intravenous amifostine is administered 15-30 minutes prior to radiotherapy and cisplatin therapy. Patients receive fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-4 and 29-32. Patients are followed every month for 1 year, every 2 months for 1 year, every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, then every 6 months thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 35 patients will be accrued for this study.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed recurrent or new primary squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck occurring in a previously irradiated field - Pathologic stage of recurrence must be rT3-4 and/or rN2-3 - The following sites are eligible: - Oral cavity, oropharynx, or hypopharynx: Any rT2-4 and/or clinical rN+ - Larynx: Any rT4, rT3 with perineural invasion, or any rT with clinical rN+ - Any site: Positive margin(s), at least 2 nodes or ECS - No primary tumor of the nasopharynx - Must be eligible for or have undergone complete resection which leaves behind no gross residual disease - Must have prior head and neck irradiation of 45-75 Gy - Lifetime spinal cord radiotherapy dose no greater than 50 Gy - No ongoing RTOG late morbidity of grade 3 or greater (unless correctable by surgery) - No active acute radiation mucositis from previous radiotherapy PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: - 18 and over Performance status: - Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: - Not specified Hematopoietic: - WBC at least 4,000/mm^3 - Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL (transfusion allowed) - Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3 Hepatic: - SGOT or SGPT no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal - Bilirubin no greater than 2 mg/dL Renal: - Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Cardiovascular: - No myocardial infarction, unstable angina, coronary heart failure, or uncontrolled arrhythmias within past 6 months - No severe cerebrovascular disease or hypotension not caused by antihypertensive medication Other: - Not pregnant - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - No allergy to cisplatin, fluorouracil, or amifostine - No uncontrolled insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or other medical condition interfering with wound healing PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: - Not specified Chemotherapy: - No prior chemotherapy for tumor recurrence (except adjuvant chemotherapy) Endocrine therapy: - Not specified Radiotherapy: - See Disease Characteristics - At least 6 months since prior radiotherapy - Prior radiotherapy treatment records must be available Surgery: - No prior salvage surgery consisting of partial laryngectomy



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Mitchell Machtay, MD
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: March 26, 2020

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