Cleveland, Ohio 44106

  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells. PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of fludarabine, carboplatin, and topotecan in treating patients who have relapsed or refractory acute leukemia or advanced myelodysplastic syndrome.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of topotecan when administered with carboplatin and fludarabine in patients with refractory or relapsed acute leukemia or advanced myelodysplastic syndrome. II. Determine treatment related and dose limiting toxicities of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine the antileukemia activity of this regimen in these patients. IV. Correlate treatment related toxicities with steady state levels of topotecan in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of topotecan. Patients receive carboplatin IV continuously and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5, then topotecan IV continuously on days 6-8. Patients with residual leukemia in the bone marrow at day 15 may receive a second induction course. Patients who achieve partial or complete remission after 1-2 induction courses receive 1 consolidation course of fludarabine, carboplatin, and topotecan beginning 4-8 weeks after recovery from induction therapy. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of topotecan until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The first 3 patients do not receive any topotecan. The MTD is defined as the dose at which no more than 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Patients are followed monthly for 6 months. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 6-15 patients will be accrued for this study within 15-21 months.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of one of the following: Acute myelogenous leukemia (M0-M7) M3 must have received tretinoin as part of induction or salvage chemotherapy No greater than 2 prior intensive induction regimens Acute lymphocytic leukemia (L1 or L2) in first or second relapse Circulating blasts in blood or greater than 5% blasts in bone marrow No greater than 2 prior intensive induction regimens Chronic myelogenous leukemia in myeloid or lymphoid blast crisis Initial diagnosis OR No greater than 2 prior intensive induction regimens Acute myelogenous leukemia secondary to prior myelodysplastic syndrome or prior cytotoxic therapy No greater than 2 prior intensive induction regimens Myelodysplastic syndrome (must be neutropenic (absolute neutrophil count less than 500/mm3) or platelet or red cell transfusion dependent) Refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) OR RAEB in transformation OR Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia Relapse after greater than 3 months since prior autologous stem cell transplant allowed No relapse after allogeneic bone marrow transplant No active CNS leukemia PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 12 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-3 Life expectancy: At least 4 weeks Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL AST and ALT less than 3 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min Cardiovascular: No symptomatic cardiac disease No active ischemic heart disease No poorly controlled congestive heart failure No myocardial infarction within past 6 months Cardiac ejection fraction at least 40% Pulmonary: No symptomatic pulmonary disease No symptomatic restrictive or obstructive lung disease Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No active infections, unless receiving antibiotics and clinically stable Fever caused by tumor allowed HIV negative No other active malignant disease Curatively treated prior malignancies allowed No severe neurologic disease PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 5 days since prior hematopoietic growth factors Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 24 hours since prior hydroxyurea At least 2 weeks since other prior cytotoxic anticancer therapy Prior carboplatin, fludarabine, or topotecan allowed Endocrine therapy: Concurrent corticosteroids allowed Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Brenda W. Cooper, MD
Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Cleveland, Ohio 44106
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: April 07, 2020

Modifications to this listing: Only selected fields are shown, please use the link below to view all information about this clinical trial.

Click to view Full Listing

This study is not currently recruiting Study Participants on The form below is not enabled.