Expired Study
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Durham, North Carolina 27710


RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy in treating patients who have stage III or stage IV kidney cancer.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of autologous dendritic cells transfected with autologous total tumor RNA in patients with stage III or IV renal cell carcinoma. II. Assess the toxicity and feasibility of this treatment regimen in these patients. III. Evaluate this regimen in terms of cellular immune response, clinical response, and overall survival in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Patients undergo nephrectomy for tumor RNA extraction followed by leukapheresis to collect peripheral blood mononuclear cells for dendritic cell (DC) production. Patients receive autologous DC transfected with autologous renal cell carcinoma RNA both IV and intradermally on weeks 0, 2, and 4. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of DC IV until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 1 year. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 18 patients will be accrued for this study over 24 months.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed stage III or IV renal cell carcinoma scheduled for resection of primary renal tumor No CNS metastases PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: At least 6 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9 mg/dL (transfusion independent) Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 No history of bleeding disorder or other blood dyscrasias Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL PT less than 1.5 times control No serious hepatic disease Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.5 mg/dL Calcium less than 12 mg/dL No symptomatic hypercalcemia Cardiovascular: No serious cardiac disease (e.g., New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease) No deep vein thrombosis Pulmonary: No serious pulmonary disease (e.g., asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) No pulmonary embolism Other: No serious chronic or acute illness that would preclude study No autoimmune disease (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, scleroderma, or multiple sclerosis) No psychological impediment that would preclude study No prior malignancy within past 5 years except basal cell carcinoma, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, nonmelanomatous skin cancer, controlled superficial bladder cancer, or surgically or radiologically treated prostatic adenocarcinoma with no evidence of rising PSA for at least 12 months after treatment No active acute or chronic infection (e.g., symptomatic urinary tract infection, surgical site infection, or viral hepatitis) HIV negative Must have adequate peripheral vein access Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 6 weeks since prior immunotherapy (e.g., interleukin-2, interferon alfa, or autolymphocyte therapy) No other concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: At least 6 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 6 weeks since prior steroid therapy and recovered No concurrent steroid therapy Radiotherapy: At least 6 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered No concurrent local or palliative radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics At least 6 weeks since other prior major surgery and recovered No prior radical nephrectomy Other: No concurrent immunosuppressive agents (e.g., azathioprine or cyclosporine)



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Johannes Vieweg, MD
Duke Cancer Institute

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Durham, North Carolina 27710
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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