Chicago, Illinois 60606

  • Stage III Rectal Cancer


Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery may be a more effective treatment for cancer of the rectum. Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and external-beam radiation therapy followed by surgery in treating patients who have locally advanced cancer of the rectum

Study summary:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of oxaliplatin when combined with fluorouracil and external beam radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the rectum. (Phase I closed to accrual effective 03/27/2003). II. Determine the pathological response rate in patients treated with this preoperative regimen and surgical resection. III.Determine the late toxicity of this preoperative regimen in these patients. IV. Determine, in a preliminary manner, the progression-free survival, local control, and overall survival in patients treated with this regimen. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study of oxaliplatin. Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1, fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-7, and radiotherapy on days 1-5. Treatment repeats weekly for a maximum of 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of oxaliplatin until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, additional patients are treated at that dose level in the phase II portion of the study. (Phase I closed to accrual effective 03/27/2003). Patients may undergo radical resection of rectal tumor within 4-6 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 9-24 patients will be accrued for phase I of the study (phase I closed to accrual effective 03/27/2003) and a total of 19 patients will be accrued for phase II of the study within 12-18 months.


Inclusion Criteria: - Histologically proven previously untreated adenocarcinoma of the rectum thatbegins within 12 cm of the anal verge by sigmoidoscopy and/or colonoscopy - Locally advanced disease defined as any of the following: - Fixed or immovable tumor on physical exam - T4 disease with invasion of adjacent structures (e.g., pelvic sidewall, sacral pelvis, bladder, or prostate) by CT scan, rectal ultrasound, or MRI - T3 disease with invasion through the wall of the muscularis propria by transrectal ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI - No distant metastatic disease - Performance status - ECOG 0-2 - Granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm^3 - Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3 - Bilirubin no greater than upper limit of normal (ULN) - SGOT/SGPT no greater than 2.5 times ULN - Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL - Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min - No active second malignancy except nonmelanomatous skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix - Patients are not considered to have an active second malignancy if they have completed therapy and are at less than 30% risk of relapse - No prior or concurrent evidence of neuropathy - No history of allergy to platinum compounds or antiemetics - Not pregnant or nursing - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - No prior fluorouracil or platinum-based therapy for any malignancy - No other concurrent chemotherapy - Hormonal therapy allowed only for non-disease related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes) OR intermittently as an antiemetic (e.g., dexamethasone) - No prior pelvic irradiation - No concurrent antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for HIV positive patients



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
David Ryan
Cancer and Leukemia Group B

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Chicago, Illinois 60606
United States

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Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: March 26, 2020

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