Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709

  • HIV Infections


The purpose of this study is to determine whether the vaginal gel PRO 2000/5 causes irritation when used daily. Studies have shown PRO 2000/5 is safe and well tolerated as a vaginal gel in healthy women who are not sexually active. However, it was not determined what side effects to skin in the vaginal area there might be in sexually active women.

Study summary:

Vaginal microbicides are designed to inhibit the sexual transmission of HIV-1 and other disease pathogens. Two Phase I clinical trials were conducted to evaluate the safety and tolerance of the gel, PRO 2000/5, in sexually abstinent volunteers. Both demonstrated that multiple application of the gel was safe and well tolerated in healthy, sexually abstinent women but no clear association between the use of the gel and epithelial disruption was indicated. Because genital ulceration and inflammation may increase the risk of HIV infection, additional clinical evaluation of PRO 2000/5 gel is warranted, especially for study participants with active sexual behavior. Participants apply PRO 2000/5 gel intravaginally either once or twice daily for 14 days. HIV-negative participants in sexually active cohorts (Cohorts A1-A4) are instructed to engage in vaginal intercourse at least twice a week. Participants in the HIV-positive cohort (Cohort B1) abstain from sexual intercourse for the dosing period. Researchers conduct physical exams to see if the gel is having any harmful effects on the woman's vulva, vagina, or cervix. Women and their male partners are questioned about gel usage.


Inclusion Criteria Volunteers may be eligible for this study if they: - Are female and 18-45 years of age. - Are willing and able to complete daily study records. - Are willing to undergo clinical exams and testing. - Either have regular menstrual periods or do not menstruate due to use of hormones. - Agree to stop using female barrier methods of birth control during the study. - Additionally, volunteers may be eligible for HIV-negative groups in this study if they: - Have not changed their use of hormonal birth control over the last 3 months. - Are HIV-negative. - Have a single male partner at low-risk for HIV infection and agree that he can be asked for his consent. - Agree to the following: To have vaginal intercourse 2 or more times a week; to use condoms provided by the study for each act of intercourse; to use the gel as directed; not to be in similar studies; not to receive oral sex; not to use IV drugs, except for medical treatment; not to use any other vaginal products; not to douche; and not to use vaginal drying agents. - Additionally, volunteers may be eligible for the HIV-positive group in this study if they: - Are HIV-positive. - Have a CD4 count greater than 200 cells/mm3. - Have a normal Pap smear at screening. - Are on stable anti-HIV drug therapy. - Agree to have no sexual intercourse during the study. - Have HIV care by qualified medical caregivers. - Agree to allow study staff access to their HIV medical care information. - Agree to the following: To use the gel as directed; not to use IV drugs other than for medical treatment; not to use any other vaginal products; not to participate in similar studies; not to receive oral sex; not to douche; and not to use any vaginal drying agents. Exclusion Criteria Volunteers will not be eligible for this study if they: - Are menopausal. - Have certain liver, kidney, or blood problems. - Have genital problems such as sores. - Are allergic to anything used in the study, including latex. - Have used spermicides or condoms treated with spermicides within the week before enrollment. - Have been in another drug study within the past 30 days. - Have participated in this trial before and study gel has been permanently discontinued. - Have had an IUD or begun using hormonal birth control, or had an abnormal Pap smear, a pregnancy, an abortion, gynecologic surgery, breakthrough menstrual bleeding, or vaginal bleeding during or following sexual intercourse, in the last 3 months. - Have had or received treatment for sexually transmitted diseases in the past 3 months. - Show signs, on a pelvic exam, indicating a sexually transmitted disease or other genital tract problems. - Used IV drugs, except for medical reasons, within the past year. - Received antibiotics in the last 14 days. - Have had a reaction to an anticoagulant (such as warfarin or heparin). - Are pregnant or breast-feeding. - Have a positive urine culture.



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Ken Mayer

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: April 07, 2020

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