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Jackson, Mississippi 39216


The purpose of this study is to determine if hydroxyurea therapy is effective in the prevention of chronic end organ damage in pediatric patients with sickle cell anemia.

Study summary:

BACKGROUND: In 1995, the Multicenter Study of Hydroxyurea (MSH) demonstrated that hydroxyurea is effective in decreasing the frequency of painful crises, hospitalizations for crises, acute chest syndrome, and blood transfusions by 50%. The recently completed phase II study of hydroxyurea in children (PED HUG) demonstrated that children have a response to hydroxyurea similar to that seen in adults in terms of increasing fetal hemoglobin levels and total hemoglobin, and decreasing complications associated with sickle cell anemia. In addition, this study demonstrated that the drug does not adversely affect growth and development between the ages of 5 and 15. A recently completed pilot study of hydroxyurea given to children between the ages of 6 months and 24 months demonstrated that the drug is tolerated well by small infant, and that the fetal hemoglobin switch can be forced to remain in the "on position" by hydroxyurea administration. A Special Emphasis Panel (SEP) met on April 12, 1996 to review the results of the MSH trial and the progress to date of the PED HUG study. The SEP recommended that NHLBI undertake the BABY HUG trial. DESIGN NARRATIVE: BABY HUG is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to determine if hydroxyurea can prevent the onset of chronic end organ damage in young children with sickle cell anemia. Approximately 200 children with sickle cell disease will be recruited to receive either hydroxyurea or placebo. The children will be screened at study entry for signs of abnormal brain, kidney, pulmonary, and splenic function, and developmental milestones. They will then be randomly assigned to receive either hydroxyurea or placebo and followed yearly to assess chronic end organ damage of the major organ systems. The primary endpoint will be a 50% reduction in rates of damage to the major organs with surrogate markers of organ function during follow-up in Phase II of the trial.


Inclusion Criteria: - Majority fetal and sickle (FS or SF) hemoglobin pattern confirmed centrally by electrophoresis (screening may begin at 7 months of age) Exclusion Criteria: - Chronic transfusion therapy - Cancer - Less than 5th percentile (10th percentile for the pilot study) height, weight, or head circumference for age - Severe developmental delay (e.g., cerebral palsy or other mental retardation, Grade III/IV intraventricular hemorrhage) - Stroke with neurological deficit - Surgical splenectomy - Participating in other clinical intervention trials - Probable or known diagnosis of Hemoglobin S-Hereditary Persistence of Fetal Hemoglobin - Known hemoglobin S-beta plus thalassemia (hemoglobin A present) - Any condition or chronic illness, which in the opinion of the principal investigator, makes participation unadvised or unsafe - Inability or unwillingness to complete baseline (pre-enrollment) studies, including blood or urine specimen collection, liver-spleen scan, abdominal sonogram, neurological examination, neuropsychological testing, or transcranial Doppler ultrasound (interpretable study not required, but confirmed velocity greater than 200 cm/sec results in ineligibility) - Previous or current treatment with hydroxyurea (HU) or another anti-sickling drug - The following exclusion criteria are transient; patients can be re-evaluated for eligibility: 1. Hemoglobin less than 6.0 gm/dL 2. Reticulocyte count less than 80,000/cu mm if hemoglobin is less than 9 gm/dL 3. Neutrophil count less than 2,000/cu mm 4. Platelet count less than 130,000/cu mm 5. Blood transfusion in the 2 months prior to study entry unless HbA is less than 10% 6. ALT greater than twice the upper limit of normal 7. Ferritin less than 10 ng/ml 8. Serum creatinine greater than twice the upper limit of normal for age 9. Bayley standardized mental score below 70



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Sherron Jackson, MD
Medical University of South Carolina

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Jackson, Mississippi 39216
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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