Expired Study
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San Francisco, California


The best anti-HIV treatment regimen for pregnant women is not known. Protease inhibitors (PIs) are often used, but they have side effects that may be harmful for pregnant women. It is not known if treatment regimens that do not include PIs are as effective in pregnant women as those that include PIs. This trial will compare two anti-HIV treatment plans, one with and one without PIs, in women who start HIV treatment during pregnancy. The study will evaluate the effects of the anti-HIV drugs on the developing infant and prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission during pregnancy.

Study summary:

The optimal treatment strategy for women who initiate antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy is not known. Although PI-based antiretroviral regimens are prescribed with increasing frequency among pregnant women, the efficacy and safety of this approach is unknown. Pregnant women are at increased risk for glucose intolerance and insulin resistance; PIs are associated with glucose intolerance. Physiologic differences between pregnant women and nonpregnant adults may alter the pharmacokinetics of antiretroviral regimens. Fetal safety considerations and effects on perinatal HIV transmission must also be considered when selecting an antiretroviral regimen for pregnant women. This trial will compare PI-based and PI-sparing antiretroviral regimens for women initiating antiretroviral therapy in pregnancy. Women will be stratified on the basis of viral load (50,000 or less copies/ml or greater than 50,000 copies/ml) and gestational age at entry (20 or less weeks or greater than 20 weeks) and then randomized to one of two treatment groups. Group A will receive the PI nelfinavir (NFV) with zidovudine (ZDV) and lamivudine (d4T); Group B will receive nevirapine (NVP) with ZDV and d4T. Women will have clinic visits for physical and obstetrical examinations at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks after entry and then every 4 weeks until delivery. After delivery, infants in both groups may receive ZDV until they are 6 weeks old. Infants are evaluated for safety and to test the infant's blood for HIV-1 at birth and at Weeks 2, 8, 16, and 24. Women will continue on assigned antiretroviral therapy postpartum and will have 11 postpartum clinic visits over a period of 2 years. Blood samples from women will be evaluated for safety and for virologic, pharmacokinetic, and metabolic studies. The first 12 women randomized to Group A will undergo a 4-hour pharmacokinetic profile at 32 to 36 weeks gestation and at 8 weeks postpartum to determine the timing of the nelfinavir trough. The first 20 women randomized to Group B will undergo an 8-hour pharmacokinetic profile at either 16 to 24 weeks or 32 to 36 weeks gestation and then again at 8 weeks postpartum to characterize pharmacokinetics of nevirapine at steady state in pregnancy and in the postpartum period.


Inclusion Criteria: - HIV infected - 10 to 30 weeks pregnant - Plan to continue pregnancy - CD4 count less than 250 cells/mm3 within 30 days of study entry - HIV RNA load greater than 1,000 copies/ml within 30 days of study entry - Antiretroviral naive (except ZDV for 8 weeks or less, including prior pregnancy) - Willing to follow study requirements and plan to continue receiving anti-HIV treatment for at least 2 years after delivery - Understand that NFV will not be supplied by the study (except for the first 12 women in Group A) - Understand the study drug NVP will not be supplied after 1 year following delivery and is reasonably certain that she can obtain NVP by prescription for the second year of the study - Access to a participating site - Willing to have infant followed until 24 weeks old - Parent or guardian willing to provide informed consent, if applicable Exclusion Criteria: - Alcohol or drug abuse - Chemotherapy for an active cancer - Require certain medications - AIDS-related opportunistic infection and/or serious bacterial infection or unstable or serious medical condition within 14 days of study entry - Chronic malabsorption or diarrhea - Diabetes, unless it only occurs during pregnancy - Major fetal problem or abnormality - Abnormal amniotic fluid volume - Plan to breastfeed - Acute hepatitis within 90 days of study entry - Skin problems such as psoriasis or eczema that require systemic treatment - Any serious disease that, in the opinion of the study official, would compromise study participation



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Jane Hitti, MD, MPH
Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, University of Washington Medical Center

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

San Francisco, California
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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