Expired Study
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Cleveland, Ohio 44106


RATIONALE: Photodynamic therapy uses light and drugs that make cancer cells more sensitive to light to kill tumor cells. This may be effective treatment for skin cancer and cancer that is metastatic to the skin. PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of photodynamic therapy in treating patients who have either squamous cell or basal cell carcinoma of the skin or solid tumors metastatic to the skin.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: - Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of silicon phthalocyanine 4 (Pc 4) when administered with a fixed dose of light in patients with advanced cutaneous malignancies. - Determine the MTD of the light when administered with a fixed dose of study drug in these patients. - Determine the pharmacokinetics of Pc 4 in these patients. - Determine the clinical antitumor response in patients treated with this regimen. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Patients receive silicon phthalocyanine 4 (Pc 4) IV over 2 hours on day 1 followed by light therapy over 30-60 minutes on day 2. Treatment repeats in 6 weeks for a total of 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of Pc 4 and a fixed dose of light until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of Pc 4 is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD for Pc 4 is determined, additional patients are treated with a fixed dose of Pc 4 (2 dose levels below the MTD) and escalating doses of light until the MTD is determined. The MTD of light is defined as above. Patients are followed at 6 weeks (or 8 weeks if treated lesion on lower extremity has not healed) and then every 3 months thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 25-30 patients will be accrued for this study annually.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed tumor for which no potential curative therapy exists (e.g., surgery, radiotherapy, or systemic chemotherapy) - The following tumor types are eligible: - Cutaneous nodular metastatic breast carcinoma lesion with loco-regional cutaneous, soft tissue, or chest wall involvement - No chest wall recurrence without prior radiotherapy - Other metastatic sites allowed provided patient is concurrently receiving hormonal therapy or trastuzumab (Herceptin) of at least 4 weeks duration - Cutaneous or superficial subcutaneous nodular metastatic head and neck lesion - Cutaneous nodular Kaposi's sarcoma lesion - Stage IA-IIB or IVA cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) - CTCL patches, plaques, or tumors with a surface area of up to 25 cm^2 if other areas of involved skin are blocked from therapy - Squamous cell or basal cell carcinoma of the skin that is not eligible for standard therapy (e.g., cryosurgery, radiotherapy, electrodesiccation and curettage, or excision) - Cutaneous and subcutaneous metastasis from any solid tumor (e.g., thoracic, gastrointestinal, or genitourinary cancers or sarcomas) - Bidimensionally measurable disease - No more than 2 lesions may be treated - No single area greater than 36 cm^2 may be treated (maximum of 25 cm^2 tumor mass with a 1 cm margin) - Tumor treatable by surface (non-contact) light illumination - Skin type I-III - No tumors of the eyelids - Hormone receptor status: - Not specified PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: - 18 and over Sex: - Male or female Menopausal status: - Not specified Performance status: - ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: - Not specified Hematopoietic: - Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3 - Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL - Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3 Hepatic: - Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL - AST/ALT no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times ULN - No history of hepatic cirrhosis - No hepatic disease requiring therapy Renal: - Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL OR - Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min - No renal disease requiring therapy Cardiovascular: - No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months - No significant congestive heart failure requiring therapy - No peripheral vascular disease Other: - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - Antinuclear antibody negative - No sepsis - No prior allergic or hypersensitivity reaction to paclitaxel vehicle - No known photosensitivity diseases such as porphyria, systemic lupus erythematosus, xeroderma pigmentosum, or polymorphous light eruption - No symptomatic collagen vascular disease - Insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes mellitus allowed provided there are no lower extremity lesions PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: - See Disease Characteristics - At least 4 weeks since prior immunotherapy - No concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: - See Disease Characteristics - At least 4 weeks since prior systemic chemotherapy - No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: - See Disease Characteristics - No concurrent corticosteroids Radiotherapy: - See Disease Characteristics - More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy - More than 4 weeks since prior ultraviolet B light therapy or psoralen-ultraviolet light therapy to non-study lesions/areas - No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: - See Disease Characteristics Other: - At least 5 days since prior warfarin - At least 4 weeks since prior investigational drugs - At least 4 weeks since prior local therapy to study lesions - At least 6 months since prior photodynamic therapy - No concurrent aspirin, aspirin-containing medications, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g., ibuprofen, indomethacin, or cyclo-oxygenase [COX]-1 and COX-2 inhibitors) - No other concurrent photosensitizing medications such as tetracyclines, psoralens, nalidixic acid, griseofulvin, sulfa drugs, hydrochlorothiazide, furosemide, phenothiazines, or amiodarone - No concurrent therapeutic dosages of warfarin (non-therapeutic dosages allowed)



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Scot C. Remick, MD
Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Cleveland, Ohio 44106
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: December 02, 2018

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