You are viewing an expired study

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213

  • Liver Cancer


RATIONALE: Internal radiation therapy uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. Using radiolabeled glass beads to kill tumor cells may be effective treatment for liver cancer that cannot be removed by surgery. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects of hepatic arterial infusion using yttrium-90 microspheres (TheraSphere®) to see how well it works in treating patients with liver cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: - Provide supervised access to yttrium-90 glass microspheres (TheraSphere®) for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. - Determine the response in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma treated with hepatic arterial infusion of yttrium-90 glass microspheres. - Determine the toxic effects and adverse experiences associated with this therapy in these patients. - Determine the survival time of patients treated with this therapy. - Determine the time to progression of disease in the liver, duration of response, and progression-free interval of patients treated with this therapy. - Evaluate the influence of pretreatment characteristics on efficacy parameters in patients treated with this therapy. - Assess the quality of life of patients treated with this therapy. OUTLINE: Radioactive material yttrium-90 glass microspheres (TheraSphere®) is infused directly into a liver tumor in order to kill tumor cells and cause less damage to the normal tissue. Patients receive TheraSphere® via hepatic arterial infusion on day 1. This artery is accessed through the femoral artery in the groin. This procedure is generally completed on an outpatient basis. Patients may receive a single dose to the whole liver, or sequential treatments to each side of the liver approximately 30 to 90 days apart. Patients may be re-treated at a later time. Patients are followed every 2 to 4 months for the rest of their lives to access tumor progression, symptom management and quality of life.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Confirmed diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) - Histopathology confirmation may be waived in patients with a radiographically identifiable liver mass in addition to known laboratory or clinical risk factors for HCC, and/or an elevated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level - No significant extrahepatic disease that may represent an imminent life-threatening outcome - No evidence of potential delivery of greater than 16.5 mCi (30 Gy absorbed dose) of radiotherapy to the lungs on either the first yttrium-90 glass microspheres (TheraSphere®) administration or with cumulative delivery of radiation to the lungs over multiple treatments due to any angiographically uncorrectable flow to the gastrointestinal tract PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - ECOG performance status 0-2 - No hepatic dysfunction - Bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL - No vascular abnormalities or severe peripheral vascular disease that would preclude angiography or selective visceral catheterization - No pulmonary insufficiency - No evidence of detectable technetium Tc 99m macroaggregates of albumin flow to the stomach or duodenum after application of established angiographic techniques to stop such flow - No contraindications to angiography - No contraindications to selective visceral catheterization - No other condition or cormorbidity that would preclude study treatment - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for at least 30 days after study PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - At least 1 month since prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery - No other concurrent investigational agents or anticancer therapy for HCC



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
T. Clark Gamblin, MD
UPMC Cancer Center at UPMC Presbyterian

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213
United States

Clinical Trials Office - UPMC Liver Cancer Center
Phone: 412-692-2001

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: March 30, 2020

Modifications to this listing: Only selected fields are shown, please use the link below to view all information about this clinical trial.

Click to view Full Listing

This study is not currently recruiting Study Participants on The form below is not enabled.