Newport Beach, California 92658

  • Lymphoma


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Combining chemotherapy with monoclonal antibody therapy may kill more cancer cells. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining pentostatin and cyclophosphamide with rituximab in treating patients who have chronic lymphocytic leukemia or lymphocytic lymphoma.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: - Determine the efficacy of pentostatin, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab, in terms of response rate, time to treatment failure, time to disease progression, durability of response, and overall survival, in patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small B-cell lymphocytic lymphoma. - Determine the safety of this regimen, in terms of acute, subacute, and chronic toxicity, in patients treated with this regimen. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior chemotherapy (no prior chemotherapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia vs prior purine analog-based therapy [fludarabine or cladribine] but no alkylator therapy vs prior alkylator-based therapy [chlorambucil or cyclophosphamide] but no prior purine analog therapy vs prior therapy with alkylators and purine analogs, but not as combination therapy). - First course: Patients receive rituximab IV over 1-4 hours on days 1-3 and pentostatin IV over 10-30 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. - All subsequent courses: Patients receive rituximab IV over 60 minutes, pentostatin IV over 10-30 minutes, and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 3 months for 5 years. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 160-240 patients (40-60 per stratum) will be accrued for this study.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Diagnosis of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small B-cell lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) with the following: - Lymph node biopsy interpreted as SLL or consistent with CLL or all of the following: - Peripheral lymphocyte count greater than 5,000/mm^3 with small to moderate peripheral lymphocytes and no more than 55% prolymphocytes - Bone marrow aspirate containing at least 30% lymphoid cells - Immunophenotypic evaluation of peripheral blood lymphocytes demonstrating monoclonality of B lymphocytes with all of the following: - CD19 or CD20 coexpressed with CD5 antigen in the absence of other pan-T- cell markers (e.g., CD2 or CD3) - Expression of CD23 on CLL cells or Dim B-cell expression of kappa or lambda light chains - Measurable disease with any of the following: - 1 or more lymph nodes at least 1.5 cm by CT scan - Splenomegaly by CT scan - Peripheral lymphocyte count greater than 5,000/mm3 with coexpression of CD5 and B-cell markers - Bone marrow aspirate with at least 30% lymphoid cells - No mantle cell lymphoma PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - 18 and over Performance status - ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy - At least 2 years Hematopoietic - See Disease Characteristics - No immune thrombocytopenia - No hemolytic anemia Hepatic - Bilirubin no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - SGOT no greater than 3 times ULN (unless due to hemolysis or CLL) - No hepatitis Renal - Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN Cardiovascular - No cardiac dysfunction - No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease - No myocardial infarction within the past month Other - HIV negative - No active acute or chronic infection - No immunosuppressive diseases - No autoimmune disorder - No secondary malignancy that is projected to limit life expectancy - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - See Chemotherapy - No prior rituximab - At least 4 weeks since prior biologic therapy Chemotherapy - At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy - No prior combination chemotherapy and rituximab or other antibody therapy - No prior combination chemotherapy comprising an alkylating agent and a purine nucleoside analog (i.e., cyclophosphamide or chlorambucil in combination with fludarabine, cladribine, or pentostatin) - No prior pentostatin Endocrine therapy - At least 4 weeks since prior corticosteroids - No concurrent supra-physiologic doses of corticosteroids Radiotherapy - At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy Surgery - At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery Other - No concurrent immunosuppressive therapy (e.g., cyclosporine)



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Robert O. Dillman, MD, FACP
Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Newport Beach, California 92658
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: March 26, 2020

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