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Bethesda, Maryland 20892


This study will use electroencephalography (EEG) and electromyography (EMG) to examine how the brain generates tics and controls voluntary movement in patients with Tourette's syndrome and chronic motor tic disorder. EEG records the electrical activity of the brain. For this test, a cap with built-in electrodes is placed on the subject's head, and the electrodes are connected to a monitor that records the brain activity. EMG records muscle activity using electrodes placed on the skin over muscles on the fingers or above the outer corner of the eyes. Healthy normal volunteers and patients with Tourette's syndrome and chronic motor tic disorder between 21 and 65 years of age may be eligible for this 2- to 3-hour study. Each candidate will be screened with a medical history, physical and neurological examinations, and a questionnaire that screens for psychiatric disorders. During EEG and EMG recordings, participants undergo the following tasks while seated comfortably in a sound-shielded room: Patients - Finger task: Patients raise their index finger once every 10 seconds for about 25 minutes. - Tic evaluation and mimicking: Patients allow their tics to occur as they do naturally. After each tic, they report whether the tic was voluntary and whether it was preceded by a sensation of urge. They then mimic tics that they normally have, at a rate of about once every 10 seconds. - Tic suppression task: Patients suppress tics they normally have for several minutes. They then allow the tics to occur naturally, without attempting to suppress them. Normal Volunteers - Finger task: Volunteers raise their index finger once every 10 seconds for about 25 minutes. - Open eye task: Volunteers keep their eyes open for a minute or so, and then resume blinking as often as feels comfortable. The process is repeated several times.

Study summary:

This study examines the spatiotemporal dynamics of cortical functional interconnectivity involved tics and voluntary movement in patients with Tourette's syndrome or chronic motor tic disorder. By employing a combination of EEG methods that utilize analyses in the domains of both frequency (e.g., event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS), event-related partial coherence, phase coherence) and time (e.g., event-related partial correlation), we intend to determine 1. Whether the cortical neurocircuitry involved in the performance of a simple, voluntary motor task differs in patients with tic disorders from that of healthy volunteers; 2. Whether the network involved in the generation of unwanted tics differs from that of normal voluntary movement (i.e., mimicked tics); and 3. What role, if any, premonitory urge and/or tic suppression plays in the modulation of this neurocircuitry.


- INCLUSION CRITERIA: HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS: Healthy volunteers are between the ages of 21 and 65 years. PATIENTS: Patients will have clinically documented Tourette's syndrome or chronic motor tic disorder as defined by DSM-IV-TR and evaluation of tic severity using the Yale Tic Scale. This criterion will be established by preliminary screening in the NINDS Movement Disorders Outpatient Clinic. Regarding co-morbid disorders such as ADHD and OCD, we will accept a mild degree of ADHD and mild to moderate degree of OCD. These disorders will be established by a psychiatrist using below listed scales and criteria. Structure Clinical Interview for (DSMIV SCID) will be administered to all subjects to ensure that strict DSM-IV criteria for Tourette Syndrome have been met and to assess for possible comorbid psychiatric disorders. Given the high rate of comorbidity of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Tourette's syndrome, it may not be possible to exclude persons with these disorders. Hence, only those with no more than mild to moderate severity of symptoms will be accepted into the study. This will be ascertained using the following instruments and their respective cut-off scores: Y-BOCS (Goodman et al, 1989) a 10 item scale with a range of 0 - 4 and maximum possible score of 40 (0-7: subclinical; 8 - 15: mild; 16 -23: moderate; 24 - 31 severe; 32 - 40: extreme). Inclusion criteria: 23 or below. ADHD Behavior Checklist for Adults (Barkley, 1995, Murphy and Barkley, 1995): An 18 Item checklist with 9 Inattention items and 9 Hyperactive/impulsive items ranging 0 - 3 (0: never or rarely 1: sometimes 2: often and 3: very often ). Items answered often or very often are scored as present. With age, the threshold criterion for presence of ADHD become lower and is currently accepted as follows: Age Range; Inattention Items; Hyperactive and Impulsive Items respectively: 21-29 years; 4 of 9; 5 of 9 30-49; 4 of 9; 4 of 9 50 and over; 3 of 9; 3 of 9 Inclusion Criteria: Age Range; Inattention Items; Hyperactive and Impulsive Items respectively: 21-29 years; 3 or below; 4 or below 30-49; 3 or below; 3 or below 50 and over; 2 or below; 2 or below EXCLUSION CRITERIA IN HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS AND PATIENTS: The following subjects will be excluded from the study: 1. Subjects younger than 21 or older than 65 years, as EEG studies have shown findings to vary with neurodevelopment and age. 2. Subjects with 1) major depression, 2) bipolar disorder, or 3) psychotic disorder. Such coexisting neuropsychiatric disorders may lead to unnecessary confounds of the data. 3. Subjects taking benzodiazepines, anti-depressant or neuroleptic medications (such medications are known to affect EEG and may thus confound data) 4. Subjects with major acute or chronic illness (experimental setting may be unnecessarily uncomfortable or unpleasant)



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Bethesda, Maryland 20892
United States

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Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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