Expired Study
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Boston, Massachusetts


This study will evaluate a community-based program to improve diet and physical activity in women during the first 12 months following the birth of a child. The program is designed to complement existing federal programs for low-income families and is directed toward low-income, postpartum, multi-ethnic women.

Study summary:

The postpartum period is a window of opportunity to promote behaviors that reduce the risk of chronic disease and benefit reproductive health. The Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) is an educational program delivered by community-based paraprofessional's that aims to improve dietary and activity patterns among low income, multi-ethnic women during the postpartum period. This study will evaluate the efficacy of the EFNEP to impact the diet and activity patterns of women. Women were recruited through the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and randomized to either the EFNEP group or a usual care group. Women in both groups will receive standard WIC care consisting of nutrition-risk and breastfeeding educational messages at postpartum and follow-up visits. Women in the EFNEP group participated in an additional two component intervention that included five home visits and motivational telephone calls from project staff. Primary study outcomes were assessed at Months 1 and 12. Primary outcomes included fruit and vegetable intake, saturated fat intake, and physical activity. Secondary outcomes will include Body Mass Index and indicators of fat mass and distribution. The study will also analyze mediating and modifying factors, including social support and norms, perceived health status, smoking, television viewing, food insecurity, food and activity access, and utilization of federal programs and health care.


Inclusion Criteria: - Less than 20 weeks postpartum - Receive services of USDA's Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Exclusion Criteria: - Less than 18 years of age upon recruitment



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Karen E. Peterson, ScD, RD
Harvard School of Public Health

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Boston, Massachusetts
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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