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Los Angeles, California 90095


The lining of the gastrointestinal tract contains specialized lymphoid tissue that is part of the immune system. Like other parts of the immune system, HIV attacks this lymphoid tissue. This study will evaluate the effect of an anti-inflammatory drug on the lymphoid tissue in the gastrointestinal tracts of people with HIV.

Study summary:

The gastrointestinal tract is the body’s largest lymphoid organ. Because it contains significant numbers of activated memory T lymphocytes, it is a prime site for HIV infection and amplification. Mucosal T cells are extremely vulnerable to HIV infection due, in part, to a marked increase in CCR5 co-receptors. Understanding the impact of HIV on the gastrointestinal-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) is essential and may provide insight into the profound drop in mucosal lymphocytes during early infection, persistence of tissue viral replication in the setting of undetectable plasma viral activity, and compartmentalization of HIV. Pre-clinical studies have demonstrated that the mucosal compartment in HIV uninfected individuals is characterized by features which enhance vulnerability to HIV infection compared to blood. Once infected, the mucosal response to HIV is inflammation. This study will further evaluate the inflammatory response of mucosal tissue to HIV by examining the effect of the anti-inflammatory drug 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) on the gut mucosa. Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to receive either 5-ASA or placebo. Participants will be enrolled in the study for 8 weeks; participants may then elect to continue on 5-ASA for an additional 16 weeks. Participants will have four screening visits in the month prior to beginning the study and four study visits during the 8-week study. Assessments will include medical interviews and physical exams, sigmoidoscopy with mucosal biopsy, and blood tests.


Inclusion Criteria - HIV infected - Stable plasma viral load between 500 and 100,000 copies/ml for 3 months prior to study entry - Stable antiretroviral therapy for at least 3 months prior to study entry - CD4 cell count greater than or equal to 200 cells/mm3 - Mucosal viral RNA greater than or equal to 100 copies/microg total RNA within 2 weeks of study entry Exclusion Criteria - Allergy or intolerance to salicylates - Gastrointestinal tract infection causing diarrhea or colonic inflammation - Renal or hepatic disease - Current opportunistic infection - History of extensive small bowel resection (greater than 1/2 the length of the small intestine) - History of intestinal mucosal disease (except HIV) - Chronic, regular use of aspirin and/or anti-inflammatory agents within 7 weeks prior to study entry - Oral, topical, or rectal steroids or 5-ASA within 3 months prior to study entry - Certain laboratory abnormalities - Significant neuropsychiatric symptoms that in the opinion of the study official could impact the conduct or outcome of the study



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Peter A. Anton, MD
University of California, Los Angeles

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Los Angeles, California 90095
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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