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Cleveland, Ohio 44106


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, carboplatin, and docetaxel, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is more effective for stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer. PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of gemcitabine and carboplatin followed immediately by docetaxel with that of giving delayed docetaxel in treating patients who have stage IIIB or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: Primary - Compare the overall survival of patients with stage IIIB or IV non-small cell lung cancer treated with gemcitabine and carboplatin followed by immediate vs delayed docetaxel. Secondary - Compare the response rate and time to progression in patients treated with these regimens. - Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients. - Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens. OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to ECOG performance status (0 or 1 vs 2). All patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 8 and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable or responding disease proceed to docetaxel therapy. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. - Arm I (immediate docetaxel): Patients receive immediate docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1. - Arm II (delayed docetaxel): Patients are observed until first evidence of disease progression and then receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1. In both arms, treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life (QOL) is assessed at baseline, at restaging (after completion of gemcitabine and carboplatin), before courses 2-6 of docetaxel*, and then at 1 and 3 months after study treatment. NOTE: *For patients randomized to delayed docetaxel, QOL is assessed every 3 weeks until first disease progression and then before courses 2-6 of docetaxel Patients are followed monthly for 3 months, every 2 months for 6 months, and then every 3 months thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 550 patients (275 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) - Stage IIIB with pleural effusion OR stage IV disease - Recurrent disease after primary treatment with radiotherapy or surgery allowed - Measurable disease or nonmeasurable disease - Measurable disease, defined as at least 1 unidimensionally measurable lesion at least 20 mm by conventional techniques OR at least 10 mm by spiral CT scan - Nonmeasurable disease, defined as all other lesions, including small lesions (longest diameter less than 20 mm by conventional techniques OR less than 10 mm by spiral CT scan) or any of the following: - Bone lesions - Leptomeningeal disease - Ascites - Pleural/pericardial effusion - Inflammatory breast disease - Lymphangitis cutis/pulmonis - Cystic lesions - Abdominal masses not confirmed and followed by imaging techniques - No symptomatic CNS metastases - Treated, stable CNS metastases allowed provided patient is not receiving radiotherapy or corticosteroids PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - Over 18 Performance status - ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy - At least 12 weeks Hematopoietic - WBC at least 3,000/mm^3 - Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,000/mm^3 - Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3 Hepatic - Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL - SGOT no greater than 3.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (less than 5.0 times ULN for patients with documented benign disease) - Alkaline phosphatase less than 3.0 times ULN (for patients with documented benign disease) Renal - Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Other - Not pregnant or nursing - Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after study participation - No active and ongoing infection - No concurrent serious systemic disorder that would preclude study participation - No other primary malignancy within the past 5 years except carcinoma in situ of the cervix, adequately treated basal cell skin cancer, or T1 vocal cord cancer in remission - Other prior cancers unlikely to affect survival for the next 3 years (e.g., low-grade early stage prostate cancer) are allowed PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - No concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy - No prior chemotherapy for NSCLC, including neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy - No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy - See Disease Characteristics - No concurrent antitumor hormonal therapy (excluding contraceptives and replacement steroids) Radiotherapy - See Disease Characteristics - At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered - Prior radiotherapy to less than 25% of bone marrow allowed provided the irradiated area is not the only site of measurable disease - No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery - See Disease Characteristics Other - At least 3 weeks since prior therapy for cancer - More than 4 weeks since prior investigational agents - No other concurrent experimental medications - No other concurrent therapy for cancer



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Nathan Levitan, MD
Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Cleveland, Ohio 44106
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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