Expired Study
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Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756


RATIONALE: Gefitinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth. Hormone therapy using tamoxifen may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of estrogen by the tumor cells. Combining gefitinib with tamoxifen may be effective in killing tumor cells that have become resistant (stopped responding) to tamoxifen. PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying how well giving gefitinib together with tamoxifen works compared to gefitinib alone in treating patients with metastatic breast cancer that has stopped responding to tamoxifen.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: Primary - Compare the rate of clinical benefit in patients with tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer treated with gefitinib with or without tamoxifen. Secondary - Determine the toxic effects of these regimens in these patients. - Determine whether changes in fludeoxyglucose F 18 uptake by positron emission tomography scan and changes in plasma DNA levels are indicators of an early response to gefitinib in these patients. - Determine the pharmacokinetics of these regimens in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients are stratified according to population (intent-to-treat population comprising all patients who receive 1 dose of treatment vs a subset of the intent-to-treat population, excluding patients with nonmeasurable/evaluable only disease). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. - Arm I: Patients receive oral tamoxifen once daily. Beginning 14 days after the start of tamoxifen, patients receive oral gefitinib once daily. - Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo once daily. Beginning 14 days after the start of placebo, patients receive oral gefitinib as in arm I. In both arms, treatment continues for 26 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed for 6 months. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 46 patients (23 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 23 months.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed breast cancer - Metastatic disease - Initial clinical benefit from tamoxifen for metastatic disease, defined by 1 of the following: - Stable disease for 24 weeks or longer - Objective tumor response - Documentation of clinical progression on tamoxifen within the past 6 weeks - Hormone receptor status: - Estrogen or progesterone receptor positive on most recently analyzed biopsy PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - 18 and over Sex - Not specified Menopausal status - Not specified Performance status - ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy - At least 6 months Hematopoietic - Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3 - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3 Hepatic - AST ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN Renal - Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN OR - Creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min Pulmonary - No clinically active interstitial lung disease - Patients with asymptomatic chronic stable radiographic changes are eligible Other - Not pregnant or nursing - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - No known hypersensitivity to gefitinib - No other malignancy within the past 5 years except basal cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - No concurrent trastuzumab (Herceptin®) Chemotherapy - No concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy - See Disease Characteristics - At least 2 weeks since other prior tamoxifen - No concurrent hormone replacement therapy - No other concurrent antiestrogens, including raloxifene - No concurrent aromatase inhibitors - No concurrent megestrol - Concurrent systemic steroids for reasons other than skin toxicity allowed provided the steroids were initiated before study entry AND dose remains stable Radiotherapy - Concurrent palliative radiotherapy as short-term treatment for symptomatic bone metastases allowed provided other evaluable sites of disease are present AND treatment lasts no more than 14 days Surgery - Recovered from prior oncologic or other major surgery - No concurrent surgery during and for 7 days after study treatment - No concurrent ophthalmic surgery Other - Recovered from all prior therapy (except alopecia) - More than 30 days since prior investigational drugs - No other concurrent investigational agents - No concurrent administration of any of the following: - Phenytoin - Carbamazepine - Barbiturates - Rifampin - Phenobarbital - Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort) - Systemic retinoids - CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., itraconazole) - Drugs that cause significant sustained elevation in gastric pH ≥ 5



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Gary N. Schwartz, MD
Norris Cotton Cancer Center

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: November 18, 2019

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