Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111

  • Colorectal Cancer


RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (radiation directed at the tumor more precisely than in standard radiation therapy) with incorporated boost (an increase in the amount of radiation given during treatment) may cause less damage to normal tissue. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving radiation therapy together with chemotherapy before surgery may shrink the tumor so it can be removed. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of neoadjuvant intensity-modulated radiation therapy with incorporated boost when given together with capecitabine in treating patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: Primary - Determine the maximum tolerated dose of neoadjuvant boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy when combined with capecitabine before surgery in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Secondary - Determine the pathologic tumor response in patients treated with this regimen. - Determine the quality of life of patients treated with this regimen. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Patients undergo neoadjuvant IMRT with incorporated boost once daily 5 days a week for 5 weeks. Beginning on the first day of radiotherapy, patients receive oral capecitabine twice daily 7 days a week for 5 weeks. Patients undergo surgical resection 4-8 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy. Cohorts of 3-6 patients undergo escalating doses of boost IMRT until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 3 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, at week 5 of chemoradiotherapy, before surgery, and then at 1, 3, and 12 months after surgery. Patients are followed at 1, 3, and 12 months after surgery. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 3-15 patients will be accrued for this study.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed primary adenocarcinoma of the rectum - Distal border of the tumor within 12 cm of the anal verge by proctoscopic exam - Clinical stage T3-4, N1-2 (stage II or III) disease by 2 of the following tests: - Physical exam - Transrectal ultrasound - Pelvic CT scan - Pelvic MRI - No clinical evidence of metastatic disease PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - 18 and over Performance status - ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy - More than 3 months Hematopoietic - Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3 - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3 - No known, uncontrolled coagulopathy Hepatic - Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - SGOT and SGPT ≤ 1.5 times ULN - Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN Renal - Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times normal - Creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min Cardiovascular - No clinically significant cardiac disease - No congestive heart failure - No symptomatic coronary artery disease - No poorly controlled cardiac arrhythmias - No myocardial infarction within the past year Gastrointestinal - No active inflammatory bowel disease - No lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract - No malabsorption syndrome Other - No other prior or concurrent malignancy except inactive, non-invasive carcinoma of the cervix or non-melanoma skin cancer - No concurrent serious, uncontrolled infection(s) - No prior unanticipated severe reaction to fluoropyrimidine therapy - No known sensitivity to fluorouracil - No prior uncontrolled seizures - No CNS disorders that would preclude study participation - No other medical or psychiatric condition that would preclude study participation - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after study participation PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - No prior immunotherapy for rectal cancer Chemotherapy - No prior chemotherapy for rectal cancer Endocrine therapy - Not specified Radiotherapy - No prior radiotherapy for rectal cancer - No prior pelvic radiotherapy Surgery - More than 4 weeks since prior major surgery and recovered - No prior surgery for rectal cancer Other - More than 4 weeks since prior participation in another investigational drug study - No concurrent celecoxib



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Gary Freedman, MD
Fox Chase Cancer Center

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: April 07, 2020

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