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Portland, Oregon 97213

  • Melanoma (Skin)


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fludarabine, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Vaccines made from peptides may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Infusions of a person's white blood cells may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy. Combining fludarabine with vaccine therapy and white blood cell infusions may kill more tumor cells. PURPOSE: This randomized phase I trial is studying the side effects of giving vaccine therapy together with fludarabine and white blood cell infusions and to see how well it works in treating patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: Primary - Determine the toxicity and immune effects of vaccination comprising modified gp100 peptide (gp100:209-217[210M]), Montanide ISA-51, and keyhole limpet hemocyanin followed by peripheral blood mononuclear cell reinfusion after treatment-induced lymphopenia with fludarabine in patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma. - Determine the induction of antigen-specific T-cell responses in patients treated with this regimen. - Determine the kinetics and duration of immune response in patients treated with this regimen. - Compare the immunologic effects of this regimen in these patients with historical results. Secondary - Compare 2 different dosing schedules of fludarabine, in terms of induction of lymphopenia and granulocytopenia and on the induction of a specific immune response to this vaccine, in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a pilot, randomized study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Within 2 weeks before the start of fludarabine, all patients undergo leukapheresis over 4-6 hours for the collection of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). - Arm I: Patients receive fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5. - Arm II: Patients receive fludarabine as in arm I on days 1, 3, and 5. In both arms, patients receive autologous PBMCs IV over approximately 30 minutes on day 8 and vaccination comprising gp100:209-217(210M) peptide, Montanide ISA-51, and keyhole limpet hemocyanin subcutaneously on days 8, 22, 36, 50, and 64. Patients with stable or responding disease continue to receive vaccination on day 78 and then every 28-31 days for up to 1 year. Patients are followed every 3 months. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20 patients (10 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 2 years.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant melanoma - Metastatic or unresectable disease - Measurable disease - HLA-A2 positive - Received at least 1 prior immunotherapy and/or chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease (first 6 patients only) - No known brain metastases unless previously treated with radiotherapy and/or surgery AND is stable for at least 1 month after treatment PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - 18 and over Performance status - ECOG 0-2 OR - Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy - More than 3 months Hematopoietic - WBC ≥ 3,000/mm^3 - Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3 - Absolute lymphocyte count ≥ 500/mm^3 - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3 - Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL (transfusions allowed) - Hematocrit ≥ 24% - No other active bleeding Hepatic - Bilirubin < 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless due to Gilbert's disease) - AST and ALT < 3 times ULN - Hepatitis B surface antigen negative - Hepatitis C antibody negative Renal - Creatinine < 2 mg/dL - No uncontrolled hypercalcemia Cardiovascular - No uncontrolled symptomatic congestive heart failure - No unstable angina pectoris - No uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia - No uncontrolled hypertension Pulmonary - No uncontrolled bronchospasm - No hemoptysis Immunologic - Negative serology for all of the following: - HIV-1 and HIV-2 - HTLV-1 and -2 - Syphilis - Rheumatoid factor < 43 units/μL - Anti-nuclear antibody < 11 units/μL - No history of multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, or myasthenia gravis - No primary or secondary immunodeficiency - No active infection - No allergy to seafood or shellfish that would preclude study participation Other - No active gastrointestinal bleeding - No uncontrolled hyperglycemia - No other medical or psychiatric condition or social situation that would preclude study compliance - No other uncontrolled illness - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3-4 months after study participation PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - See Disease Characteristics - No prior immunization with gp100:209-217(210M) peptide Chemotherapy - See Disease Characteristics - More than 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin) Endocrine therapy - More than 2 weeks since prior steroid therapy except replacement steroids or inhaled steroids - No concurrent corticosteroids except replacement steroids - No concurrent dexamethasone Radiotherapy - See Disease Characteristics - More than 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy Surgery - See Disease Characteristics - Recovered from prior surgery Other - No other concurrent investigational agents - No other concurrent anticancer therapy



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Walter J. Urba, MD, PhD
Providence Cancer Center, Earle A. Chiles Research Institute

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Portland, Oregon 97213
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: March 26, 2020

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