Expired Study
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Rochester, Minnesota 55905


Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining 3-AP with gemcitabine in treating patients who have refractory metastatic breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as 3-AP and gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining 3-AP with gemcitabine may kill more tumor cells

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: Primary I. Determine antitumor activity of 3-AP (Triapine®) and gemcitabine by measuring tumor size in patients with refractory metastatic breast cancer. Secondary I. Determine the safety and tolerability of this regimen in these patients. II. Determine the time to disease progression in patients treated with this regimen. III. Determine the effect of multidrug resistance polymorphisms on pharmacokinetics and toxicity of this regimen in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients receive 3-AP (Triapine®) IV over 2 hours followed by gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 3 months until disease progression and then every 6 months for up to 3 years after registration. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30-75 patients will be accrued for this study within 24 months.


Inclusion Criteria: - Histologically or cytologically confirmed breast cancer - Refractory metastatic disease - Measurable disease - At least 1 unidimensionally measurable lesion ≥ 20 mm by conventional techniques OR ≥ 10 mm by spiral CT scan - Must have received 1, and only 1, prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease - Patients overexpressing HER2/neu antigen must have received a prior trastuzumab (Herceptin®)-containing regimen - No known brain metastases - Hormone receptor status: - Not specified - Male or female - Performance status - ECOG 0-2 - At least 12 weeks - WBC ≥ 3,000/mm^3 - Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3 - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3 - Bilirubin normal - AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal - Creatinine normal - Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min - No uncontrolled congestive heart failure - No unstable angina pectoris - No cardiac arrhythmia - No severe pulmonary disease requiring oxygen - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - No glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency - No other uncontrolled illness - No active or ongoing infection - No history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to 3-AP (Triapine®) or other study agents - No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance - No other malignancy within the past 5 years - See Disease Characteristics - No concurrent immunotherapy - No concurrent routine colony-stimulating factors (e.g., filgrastim [G-CSF] or sargramostim [GM-CSF]) - See Disease Characteristics - More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin) - No prior gemcitabine for metastatic disease - No other concurrent chemotherapy - More than 4 weeks since prior hormonal therapy - More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy - No concurrent radiotherapy - Recovered from prior therapy - No concurrent antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients - No other concurrent investigational therapy



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
James Stewart
Mayo Clinic

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Rochester, Minnesota 55905
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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