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Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599


RATIONALE: Chemoprevention therapy is the use of certain drugs to try to prevent the development or recurrence of cancer. The use of genistein may be effective in preventing breast or endometrial cancer. PURPOSE: This randomized phase I trial is studying the effectiveness of genistein in preventing breast or endometrial cancer in healthy postmenopausal women.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: - Compare the effects of genistein vs placebo on DNA damage and apoptosis by conducting COMET, TUNEL, Caspase-3, and AP site assays in healthy postmenopausal women. - Compare the effects of these drugs on gene expression in an estrogen-sensitive tissue by oligoarray profiling in these participants. - Determine the effect of genistein on estrogenic effects by self-reported side effects, measurement of sex hormone-binding globulin, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and estrogen levels, and expression of known estrogen-sensitive genes in these participants. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Participants are stratified according to their study ID numbers. Participants are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. - Arm I: Participants receive oral genistein twice daily on days 1-84. - Arm II: Participants receive oral placebo twice daily on days 1-84. In both arms, treatment continues in the absence of dysplasia, malignancy, unacceptable toxicity, or gross noncompliance. Participants are followed at days 7, 14, 28, 56, and 84 during study treatment and at day 28 after completion of study treatment. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30 participants (20 for arm I and 10 for arm II) will be accrued for this study.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Healthy participants - Papanicolaou test (pap smear) normal within the past 13 months - Mammogram normal within the past 13 months - No history of breast cancer - Not at high-risk (5-year risk < 1.9%) for breast cancer according to NCI's Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool - Hormone receptor status: - Not specified PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - 45 to 70 Sex - Female Menopausal status - Postmenopausal - Last spontaneous menstrual bleeding > 12 months ago Performance status - ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy - Not specified Hematopoietic - WBC ≥ 3,500/mm^3 - Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3 Hepatic - Bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL - ALT and AST < 2 times normal - No significant abnormality of the liver by physical exam Renal - Creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular - No significant cardiac disease - No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease - No significant abnormality of the heart by physical exam Pulmonary - No significant abnormality of the lung by physical exam Other - Body mass index < 35 - Follicle-stimulating hormone > 27 mIU/mL - Thyroid or endocrine function test normal - Alcohol intake ≤ 2 drinks/day or ≤14 drinks/week - Not pregnant - No intermediate equol values (≥10 ug/L to ≤ 20 ug/L) on soy challenge - No history of seizures - No significant abnormality of the spleen or other abdominal organs by physical exam - No neurologic abnormality by physical exam - No significant metabolic abnormality on the biochemical screen - No history of substance abuse or addiction - No tobacco use - No diets containing > 20 mg of genistein/day or > 40 mg isoflavone/day - No known intolerance to soy - No other serious medical illness - No active malignancy or malignancy initially diagnosed within the past 2 years except curatively treated nonmelanoma skin cancer PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - Not specified Chemotherapy - More than 2 years since prior chemotherapy - No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy - More than 3 months since prior hormonal or estrogen therapy - More than 3 months since prior tamoxifen or other selective estrogen-receptor modulators - More than 1 month since prior supplements containing phytoestrogens or that have estrogenic side effects (soy isoflavones or PC-SPECS) - No concurrent thyroid medication - Other concurrent endocrine medication allowed provided medication was initiated ≥ 3 months before study entry AND participant has been on a stable regimen for the past 3 months Radiotherapy - Not specified Surgery - No prior hysterectomy or oophorectomy Other - More than 3 months since prior antibiotics



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Steven H. Zeisel, MD, PhD
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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