New Hyde Park, New York 11040

  • Blood Disease


The purpose of this study is to maintain a comprehensive registry of patients with the rare inherited bone marrow failure syndrome Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA).

Study summary:

BACKGROUND: Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a heterogeneous genetic disorder characterized by pure red cell aplasia, congenital anomalies, a predisposition to pancytopenia and myelodysplasia as well as hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cancer. Anemia usually presents in infancy or early childhood and greater than 40% of patients have at least one congenital anomaly. The actuarial cancer risk is, as of yet, undetermined. One DBA gene has been cloned and the existence of at least two other DBA genes has been inferred by linkage analysis. Penetrance and expressivity of DBA genes are highly variable. "Affected" individuals within the same family may vary dramatically as to the degree of anemia, response to corticosteroids, the presence of congenital anomalies and the development of cancer. Despite improvements in understanding of this disorder there are significant deficiencies in knowledge that inhibit the exploitation of this syndrome to increase both specific and general knowledge of mechanisms of hematopoietic failure, birth defects and cancer predisposition. Furthermore this disease will, in the near future, provide a valuable platform to study complex gene interactions. There are less than 1000 individuals in the United States and Canada estimated to have DBA, representing at least 11 genotypes. Thus, no single center follows sufficient numbers of well-characterized patients for meaningful clinical and laboratory investigations. Furthermore, clinicians require an accurate knowledge of the clinical and laboratory presentation, mode of inheritance, treatment response, outcomes and prognosis to make important diagnostic treatment and reproductive decisions. A comprehensive registry that captures this information and characterizes patients accurately is therefore essential to advance our understanding of DBA, and in the process, knowledge regarding hematopoietic cell differentiation, birth defects and cancer predisposition. The registry will be an essential component of clinical and laboratory DBA related research and patient care. The Diamond Blackfan Anemia Registry (DBAR) was established in 1992, and families were asked to participate if a member was affected by the disorder. From this, the Diamond Blackfan Anemia Foundation (DBAF) was established, largely as a cooperating entity for families to share information. The registry attempts to establish contact with all affected individuals at the time of diagnosis, avoiding the pitfalls of reporting bias inherent to the study of many diseases for which extraordinary events prompt referral to specialized centers. The registry is already capturing a high percentage of the estimated number of new cases per year, and has facilitated genetic studies to define the gene(s) responsible for the disorder. Thus, the registry has an established track record based on funding from non-NIH sources. The study is in response to RFA HL-04-008 on Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Diamond-Blackfan Anemia and Other Congenital Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes. DESIGN NARRATIVE: The objective of this study is to expand and update the DBAR in order to: 1) facilitate investigations into the epidemiology and biology of Diamond Blackfan anemia; 2) provide an accurate phenotype of DBA patients to facilitate genotype- phenotype correlations; 3) provide access of well characterized patients to treatment protocols; 4) provide patients to access to research studies; 5) provide patients with results of research studies; 6) serve as a resource to patients and their doctors to guide diagnostic, therapeutic, and reproductive decisions.


Inclusion Criteria: - Patients must meet the diagnostic criteria for DBA which include the following: 1. Normochromic, usually macrocytic and occasionally normocytic anemia developing early in childhood 2. Reticulocytopenia 3. Normocellular bone marrow with a selective deficiency of red cell precursors 4. Normal or slightly decreased leukocyte count 5. Normal or often increased platelet count 6. Or, a confirmed mutation in one of the identified DBA genes Exclusion Criteria: - Any subject identified as having another bone marrow failure syndrome (eg. Fanconi anemia, dyskeratosis congenita, Shwachman Diamond syndrome, etc.) will be excluded.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Adrianna Vlachos, MD
Cohen Children's Medical Center of NY/Feinstein Institutute for Medical Research

Eva Atsidaftos, MA
Phone: 718-470-5523

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

New Hyde Park, New York 11040
United States

Eva Atsidaftos, MA
Phone: 518-562-1504

Site Status: Recruiting

Data Source:

Date Processed: December 07, 2022

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