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Seattle, Washington 98108

  • Emphysema

Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate a multifaceted intervention to improve the quality of end-of-life communication between patients with COPD and their primary care providers using information about patients preferences for end of life care and how to communicate and use this information to activate patients, family members, and healthcare providers.


Study summary:

This project builds on previous work that described preferences important to patients at end-of-life and desire for life-sustaining therapy by incorporating these attributes into a multifaceted intervention designed to improve the quality of end-of-life communication. Our specific aim was to evaluate a multifaceted intervention to improve the quality of end-of-life communication between patients with moderate or severe COPD and their primary care providers. The intervention is based on self-efficacy theory and includes provider education, local champions and role models, determination of patients individual barriers and facilitators regarding communication about end-of-life care, preferences for communication about end-of-life care and preferences for end-of-life care and using this information to activate patients, family members, and healthcare providers. For both control and intervention patients we collected the following information which was incorporated into a one-page summary report: 1. Preferences about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and mechanical ventilation 2. Preferences for communication with provider 3. Measure of severity of airflow obstruction 4. Barriers and facilitators to communication 5. Preferences for end-of-life care The intervention was incorporated into a usual clinic visit. For the upcoming clinic visit, we generated an individualized one-page patient specific feedback form for intervention group patients and providers. Patients and providers in the control group did not receive the form. The generated one-page feedback form was: 1. Mailed to the patient to share with their surrogate 2. Sent to their provider prior to the clinic visit 3. Provided to the patient prior to their clinic visit The methods used for this study could be translated into clinic practice and possibly generalized to other chronic life-threatening conditions.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: One or more of the following: 1 Have 3 or more outpatient clinics visits for COPD (ICD-9) in the two years prior to enrollment. 2. Have been hospitalized with a primary discharge diagnosis (ICD-9) for COPD in the two years prior to enrollment. 3. Active use of inhaled beta-agonist and ipratropium bromide (or equivalent in combination inhalers like Combivent) in the 12 months prior to enrollment. Plus 1. Have a future visit scheduled in one of the eligible primary care or chest clinics; and 2. Have airflow limitation Exclusion Criteria: 1. If they have cognitive dysfunction, language barriers or severe psychiatric disorder that would preclude them from completing the questionnaires. This was assessed initially by the patients provider and by the research assistant during in-person interviews. 2. The provider taking care of their COPD does not participate. 3. Have a new diagnosis of COPD within the last month.


NCT ID:

NCT00106080


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
David H Au, MD MS
VA Puget Sound Health Care System Seattle Division, Seattle, WA


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Seattle, Washington 98108
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: March 26, 2020

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