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Seattle, Washington 98109

  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes


RATIONALE: Biological therapies, such as cellular adoptive immunotherapy, stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects of cellular adoptive immunotherapy in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or myelodysplastic syndromes that relapsed after donor stem cell transplant.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: Primary - Determine the toxic effects of adoptive immunotherapy comprising CD8-positive minor histocompatability antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes in patients with acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, or myelodysplastic syndromes that relapsed after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Secondary - Determine the persistence of adoptively transfused T cells in vivo and assess their migration to the bone marrow in these patients. - Determine the anti-leukemic activity of this therapy in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a pilot, open-label, nonrandomized study. - Leukapheresis: Patients undergo leukapheresis to obtain peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) before transplantation. Donors undergo leukapheresis to obtain PBMCs to use as feeder cells for generating adoptive immunotherapy. Patient PBMCs are combined with donor PBMCs and expanded in vitro to generate CD8-positive minor histocompatability antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) for adoptive immunotherapy. - Transplantation: Patients undergo allogeneic bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Patients with a morphologic or flow cytometric relapse on or after day 100 post-transplantation proceed to cytoreductive chemotherapy. Patients with a molecular or cytogenetic relapse on or after day 100 post-transplantation proceed directly to adoptive immunotherapy. Patients with relapsed disease before day 100 post-transplantation are eligible to receive adoptive immunotherapy at a later date provided the patient continues to relapse and CTLs are available. - Cytoreductive chemotherapy: The chemotherapy regimen for each patient is determined after consideration of prior chemotherapy, type of leukemia, and other clinical parameters. Two regimens to consider are: - Mitoxantrone IV and etoposide IV on days -6 to -2 - High-dose cytarabine IV over 2 hours twice daily on days -6, -4, and -2 Patients achieving a complete remission after completion of cytoreductive chemotherapy proceed to adoptive immunotherapy. - Adoptive immunotherapy: Within 2-3 days after completion of cytoreductive chemotherapy, patients receive CTLs IV over 1-2 hours on days 0, 4, 11, 21, and 28 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients with evidence of persistent disease on or after day 35 OR relapsed disease after an initial response to CTLs receive a sixth infusion of CTLs followed, no more than 24 hours later, by interleukin-2 subcutaneously once daily for up 14 total doses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients with subsequent relapsed disease after day 48 may be eligible for retreatment. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed with bone marrow aspiration every 3 months for 1 year. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 25-30 patients (10-15 with acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes AND 10-15 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation* from a major histocompatability complex (MHC)-identical related donor for 1 of the following: - Primary refractory acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) - AML or ALL beyond first remission - Therapy-related AML at any stage - Philadelphia chromosome (bcr-abl)-positive p190-positive ALL at any stage - Acute leukemia at any stage arising from myelodysplastic syndromes or myeloproliferative disorders, including any of the following: - Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia - Chronic myelogenous leukemia - Polycythemia vera - Essential thrombocytosis - Agnogenic myeloid metaplasia with myelofibrosis - Refractory anemia with excess blasts - Refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation NOTE: *Patients must be enrolled on study prior to undergoing transplantation - Relapsed disease post-transplantation, as evidenced by 1 of the following criteria: - Morphologic relapse, as defined by 1 or more of the following: - Peripheral blasts in the absence of growth factor therapy - Bone marrow blasts > 5% of nucleated cells - Extramedullary chloroma or granulocytic sarcoma - Flow cytometric relapse, as defined by the appearance of cells with abnormal immunophenotype consistent with leukemia relapse in the peripheral blood or bone marrow (detected before transplantation) - Cytogenetic relapse, as defined by the appearance in 1 or more metaphases from bone marrow or peripheral blood cells of either a non-constitutional cytogenetic abnormality detected in at least 1 cytogenetic study performed before transplantation OR a new abnormality known to be associated with leukemia - Molecular relapse, as defined by 1 of the following: - 1 or more positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for clonotypic immunoglobulin heavy chain or T-cell receptor gene rearrangement in patients transplanted for B- or T-cell ALL respectively - 1 or more positive post-transplantation reverse transcription PCR assays for p190 BCR-ABL mRNA fusion transcripts in patients transplanted for Philadelphia chromosome-positive p190-positive ALL - No grade III or IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)** - No extensive chronic GVHD** NOTE: **At time of post-transplant relapse PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - 14 and over (patients < 14 years of age may be eligible if they are deemed to be of sufficient height and weight by the pediatric attending physician) Performance status - Karnofsky 60-100% (at time of post-transplant relapse) Life expectancy - Not specified Hematopoietic - Not specified Hepatic - Not specified Renal - Not specified Other - No preexisting major nonhematopoietic organ toxicity ≥ grade 3 (at time of post-transplant relapse) PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - Not specified Chemotherapy - Not specified Endocrine therapy - Concurrent immunosuppressive steroid therapy for GVHD allowed provided both of the following are true: - Able to taper steroid dose to < 0.5 mg/kg/day - No increase of > 1 grade in acute GVHD OR progression of chronic GVHD within 14 days after dose change Radiotherapy - Not specified Surgery - Not specified



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Edus H. Warren, MD, PhD
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Seattle, Washington 98109
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: March 26, 2020

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