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Gainesville, Florida 32608


The purpose of this study is to determine whether repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is effective in the treatment of major depression that is refractory to medical therapy.

Study summary:

Despite the utility of modern psychotropic medications, depression remains a medical problem with major societal impact. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective somatic treatment for depression. However, ECT has disadvantages, including risks attendant with general anesthesia and significant cognitive side effects (e.g. confusion and memory loss). An effective but safer somatic therapy for depression could help many patients. The brain can be stimulated non-invasively by using time-varying magnetic fields to induce electrical currents within the cerebral cortex, a technique known as transcranial magnetic stimulation. Preliminary investigations have provided promising evidence of improved mood associated with high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of left prefrontal cortex in patients with medication-resistant major depression. However, the role of stimulus laterality in the effects of prefrontal rTMS have not been tested systematically. Furthermore, previous studies have likely been confounded by inadequate patient blinding and by a lack of standardization of psychotropic medication treatment. Therefore, we propose to use a carefully controlled clinical trial to directly test the hypothesis that the effects of prefrontal rTMS on mood are related to the laterality of magnetic stimulation. We also intend to improve blinding in comparison to previous studies by: 1) employing a parallel-group study design comparing real and simulated rTMS, as opposed to a crossover study design; 2) using specially constructed sham magnetic coils which can be placed directly on the scalp surface, to more effectively simulate rTMS; and 3) using trains of weak electrical impulses to simulate the cutaneous scalp stimulation associated with rTMS. We will minimize confounding effects of medications and antidepressant withdrawal by: 1) requiring all patients fail a monitored clinical selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) trial prior to rTMS; and 2) continuing SSRI treatment during the rTMS phase of the trial. Demonstration of therapeutic efficacy of rTMS in this rigorously controlled clinical trial would provide a foundation for further investigation and development of this novel potential treatment modality.


Inclusion Criteria: - Meets DSM-IV criteria for major depressive episode without psychotic features - Has a total score of 18 or higher on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression - Has failed to respond to at least two separate trials of treatment for at least 4 weeks with therapeutic dosages of antidepressant medication (including at least one SSRI) or has been intolerant of at least three different antidepressant medications (including at least one SSRI). Exclusion Criteria: - Taking medications that may lower seizure threshold - History of neurological illness, epilepsy or seizure disorder, intracranial tumor, or major head trauma leading to loss of consciousness of any duration. - Evidence of central nervous system disease based on baseline complete neurological examination, EEG and contrast-enhanced computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain - History of implanted pacemaker or medication pump, metal plate in skull, or metal objects in the eye or skull. - Axis II diagnosis of cluster A (paranoid, schizoid, or schizotypal) or cluster B (antisocial, borderline, histrionic, or narcissistic) personality disorder - Axis II diagnosis of mental retardation - History of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, other functional psychosis, rapid-cycling bipolar illness, or alcohol or drug abuse within the past year. - Need for rapid clinical response due to conditions such as inanition, psychosis, or suicidality - A medical condition that is not well controlled, such as diabetes or hypertension, or concomitant medical or nutritional problems necessitating hospitalization - Patients taking anticonvulsant mood stabilizers (e.g., carbamazepine, valproic acid). - Patients otherwise unable to grant informed consent. - Patients who are pregnant.



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Gainesville, Florida 32608
United States

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Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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