Expired Study
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San Francisco, California 94143


Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to determine whether "video doctor" programs can effectively deliver preventive health messages to women of reproductive age while they wait to be seen in urgent care settings. In this study, the specific hypotheses being tested are: 1) is the video doctor program effective in improving women's knowledge about emergency contraception, and 2) is the video doctor program effective in improving women's knowledge about the importance of folate.


Study summary:

We will randomly assign participants to interact with one of two "video doctor" programs which have been been developed to convey messages appropriate for women of reproductive age. The "video doctor" is an actress (not UCSF staff) following a script that has been designed through interdisciplinary collaboration here at UCSF. These particular video programs have not been used before, but similar ones have been studied and shown to be effective by Dr. Gerber in providing patients with information about how to decrease sexual risks and the harms of alcohol and drug use. Before interacting with the "video doctor" program, we will assess participants baseline knowledge of the importance of peri-conception folate and the option of emergency contraception. Participants will then interact with their "video doctor" and be provided with a free sample of the pills their video doctor discussed. The first "video doctor" will educate women about the ability of folate to reduce birth defects. The discovery that peri-conception folate supplementation significantly decreases rates of neural tube defects has inspired multiple educational campaigns. However, recent work has shown that knowledge of the benefits of folate remains low, especially among minority populations. The second "video doctor" message will inform women of the option of emergency contraception. Emergency contraception using high doses of progesterone has been shown to reduce the risk of pregnancy to less than 2% when used up to five days after a condom failure or an episode of unprotected sex. This medication is not teratogenic and will not cause a miscarriage if used by a woman who does not know she is pregnant. Use of emergency contraception poses no long-term health risks to women and is available over-the-counter in seven European countries. Prior studies in family planning clinics , as well as the post-partum setting have shown that education about and advance provision of emergency contraceptive pills can increase knowledge and appropriate use of these pills, without adversely affecting sexual risk taking or other health behaviors. However, knowledge of emergency contraception remains limited, leading some to call it America's "best kept secret." Participants will be contacted by phone six months after interacting with the "video doctor" and asked to provide information about their use of folate and/or emergency contraception. One year after interacting with the "video doctor" participants will be contacted again and asked to provide further information about their use of folate and/or emergency contraception.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - 18-45 year old English-speaking women Exclusion Criteria: - current pregnancy - history of tubal ligation - hysterectomy - partner with a vasectomy - no sex with men - will not be able to be reached by telephone in 6 months


NCT ID:

NCT00177515


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Eleanor B Schwarz, MD
University of Pittsburgh


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

San Francisco, California 94143
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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