Expired Study
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Rochester, New York 14642


The primary objectives for this study are: 1. To demonstrate that music therapy can be an effective means of procedural support for children undergoing botox injections. 2. To explore patient, parent and healthcare personnel satisfaction with music therapy as procedural support. 3. To assess the influence of music therapy on physiologic (blood pressure, oxygen saturation, heart rate) and emotional (crying time) responses of patients.

Study summary:

Many children with spastic Cerebral Palsy and other types of muscle dystonia are injected with Botulinum toxin A (Botox) to reduce pathological reflexes and improve muscle function. Such treatment requires injections to each affected muscle group, which can be both painful and distressing. Music therapy has been shown to reduce pain and decrease stress and anxiety for pediatric patients undergoing other types of medical procedures. The goal of this study is to determine whether music therapy can be effectively integrated as a means of procedural support during Botox injections. This study investigates the efficacy of music therapy in reducing manifestations of pain during Botox injections. Secondary benefits may include increased satisfaction among medical personnel and parents. Patients between the ages of 2-17 being treated with Botox were eligible for enrollment. Prior to the start of this study, patients had the option of receiving music therapy support during their Botox injections; these subjects continued to receive music therapy upon enrolling in the study. Subjects who had not previously received music therapy were videotaped for two Botox sessions before having a music therapy intervention. The percentage of crying time during the procedure was calculated from videotapes taken during the sessions. Surveys were given to parent/guardians and the healthcare provider performing the procedure to provide feedback on the effectiveness of the music intervention for the child and themselves. Comparing average crying times for 44 children's first study visit with or without music therapy shows that children who receive music therapy cry less than children who do not, although the difference is not statistically significant. Both parent and healthcare provider surveys indicate a high level of satisfaction with the music therapy intervention. The current data indicate that music therapy may be a highly effective means of procedural support, but strong conclusions cannot be drawn without more data.


Inclusion Criteria: - Treatment for diplegic or hemiplegic cerebral palsy or muscle spasticity resulting from brain injury, with Botulinum toxin injections. Exclusion Criteria:



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Olle Jane Z Sahler, MD
University of Rochester

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Rochester, New York 14642
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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