Stanford, California 94305

  • Dyslipidemia


In this study, we propose using telmisartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist with PPAR-gamma modulating activity, for a 12-week period to decrease blood pressure and insulin levels in obese, hypertensive children. Telmisartan is currently approved for treatment of adult hypertension. Recent adult studies, however, have shown telmisartan as an effective medication for lowering insulin levels and improving insulin sensitivity. We will enroll 30 obese adolescents, ages 10 to 18 years, and randomly assign half of the group to receive telmisartan and the other half to receive placebo (sugar-pill). We will obtain fasting glucose and insulin levels, as well as other markers for insulin sensitivity and cholesterol panel, at the beginning of the study, at each clinic visit in 4-week intervals, and at the end of the study. We will obtain an imaging study (computed tomography, CT scan) on 10 randomly selected study patients (5 from each group) to examine the distribution of fat tissue before and after treatment. Studies suggest that fat tissue in the subcutaneous tissue is less harmful that fat tissues surrounding internal organs, such as the liver. We will also provide nutritional handouts and exercise recommendations to each participant as a life-style intervention. Each participant will be given a diary to record his or her diet and exercise activities throughout the study.

Study summary:

Hypothesis: This pilot study will provide data essential for designing a larger trial to test the hypothesis that telmisartan treatment of obese children with insulin resistance and hypertension will result in improved insulin levels and systolic blood pressure. Secondary outcome measures will include the effects of telmisartan on total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL and LDL levels, body mass index (BMI), and body fat distribution. Specific Aims for to Test Hypothesis: Aim #1: Determine the change in insulin sensitivity in adolescents with obesity and hyperinsulinemia before and after treatment with telmisartan. We hypothesize a significant increase in insulin sensitivity following medical treatment. We will measure fasting insulin and glucose levels for calculation of the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) [29, 30]. Furthermore, we will calculate parameters of insulin production and insulin resistance from simultaneous measurements of glucose, insulin, and C-peptide levels during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). We will check IGF BP-1 (insulin-like growth factor 1 binding protein) level as an indirect measurement of insulin resistance. Due to the risks associated with glucose clamps and continuous insulin infusion, we will not use this procedure in our study. Aim #2: Determine the change in systolic blood pressure in adolescents with obesity and hypertension before and after treatment with telmisartan. We hypothesize a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure following medical treatment. Subjects will have blood pressure checked at each clinic visit. Aim #3: Evaluate changes in lipid profile and body mass index as secondary outcome measures with telmisartan treatment. Subjects will have weight, height, and fasting lipid panel checked at each clinic visit. Aim #4: Characterize fat distribution before and after telmisartan treatment. A subset of study participants will undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to characterize and separate abdominal adipose tissue into its subcutaneous and visceral components. A one-slice MRI will be obtained at 2 time-points during the study (weeks 0 and 12). Aim #5: Determine the feasibility of using telmisartan for the treatment of hyperinsulinemia and hypertension in obese adolescents. Study results will provide necessary data to calculate the power needed for a multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of telmisartan.


Inclusion Criteria: Ages between 10.00 and 17.99 years Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 95th percentile for age and gender using the CDC data SBP ≥ 95th percentile for age, gender, and height using the fourth report from the National High Blood Pressure Education Program (NHBPEP) guidelines. Fasting plasma insulin concentration ≥ 20 U/mL will be required for study entry. This insulin concentration is commonly used for defining insulin resistance. Exclusion Criteria: Subjects will be excluded from the study if they have known diabetes as defined by the American Diabetes Association criteria, prior drug therapy to treat diabetes or insulin resistance, recent glucocorticoid therapy within 3 months of the screening visit, current drug therapy to treat hypertension, elevated creatinine (> 1.2mg/dL), elevated liver enzymes (ALT > 80), history or current alcohol ingestion, existing pregnancy or high-risk of becoming pregnant, other serious medical condition that the investigator determines may put the subject at undue risk if enrolled in the study, or taking medications with potential drug-drug interactions (anticoagulant, digoxin, diuretics).



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Carolyn H Chi, MD
Stanford Medical Center

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Stanford, California 94305
United States

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Site Status: N/A

Data Source:

Date Processed: March 30, 2020

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