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Boston, Massachusetts 02115


Purpose:

This study will determine which color of light is most effective in stimulating a range of biological functions in humans including activation of sleep-wake regulatory system (alertness, performance, microsleeps, brain activity), activation of the nervous system (heart rate, temperature, blood pressure, breathing rate), and shifting the timing of the internal 24-hour (circadian) pacemaker.


Study summary:

Light has long been proposed to have a stimulatory effect on a range of biological functions in humans including increased feelings of activation, such as improved alertness or ability to perform. The mechanisms underlying how light stimulates these neurobiological systems remain to be elucidated. We propose to investigate the effects of different colors of light on human physiology, and in particular, test the claims that specific colors of light preferentially stimulate neurobiological, physiological and hormonal systems. Using classical photobiological techniques, we will construct action spectra for the effects of different colors of light on a range of non-image forming responses in humans. We will test the hypotheses that: 1) light-induced activation of the neurobiological sleep-wake regulatory system, as indicated by increased alertness, faster reaction time, suppression of EEG alpha activity, microsleeps and slow rolling eye movements, and suppression of pineal melatonin, is most sensitive to retinal exposure to short wavelength blue light (460 nm) compared to equal photons of other colors of visible light; 2) light-induced activation of autonomic and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis measures of arousal, as indicated by increased heart rate variability, core body temperature, blood pressure, respiration rate, plasma cortisol levels and urinary catecholamines, is most sensitive to exposure to short wavelength blue light (460 nm) compared to equal photons of other colors; 3) phase shifts of the human circadian pacemaker, as assessed by changes in temperature, melatonin and cortisol rhythms, are most sensitive to exposure to short wavelength blue light (460 nm) compared to equal photons of other colors. The resultant action spectra will help to identify the photoreceptor mechanism(s) by which light activates arousal and circadian resetting, these non-image-forming physiological responses and enable us to distinguish between major candidate photoreceptive mechanisms, including potential novel photoreceptor systems, that might mediate such responses.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Free from any acute, chronic or debilitating medical, psychological, or ophthalmological conditions - Drug-free (including caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol) for entire study duration Exclusion Criteria: - History of drug or alcohol dependency - History of psychiatric illnesses or evidence of psychopathology according to standardized questionnaires, or in a structured clinical interview - Night shift work during the past 3 years - Transmeridian travel in the last 3 months


NCT ID:

NCT00200863


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Steven W Lockley, Ph.D.
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Boston, Massachusetts 02115
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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