Expired Study
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Detroit, Michigan 48207


Purpose:

The majority of past research on marijuana treatment has targeted the alleviation of withdrawal symptoms. Minimal focus has been placed on how altering craving effects may play a role in treating marijuana addiction. Treatment with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main ingredient in marijuana responsible for its reinforcing effects, may decrease marijuana cravings. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of THC pre-treatment on responses to marijuana-related cues versus non marijuana-related cues in individuals addicted to marijuana.


Study summary:

Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug in the United States; more than 2 million Americans either abuse or are dependent on the drug. Therefore, there is a clear need for treatment options. Past research on marijuana treatments has focused on alleviating withdrawal symptoms. Minimal focus has been placed on how altering craving effects may play a role in treating marijuana addiction. Treatment with THC, a component of marijuana that causes the "high" sensation, may reduce marijuana cravings. This study will evaluate the subjective and physiological responses to marijuana-related cues versus non marijuana-related cues in marijuana users who have been pre-treated with THC. Participants will attend three 6-hour sessions, each separated by at least 7 days. Prior to each testing session, participants will spend the night at the Psychiatric and Addiction Research Center at Detroit Receiving Hospital in order to ensure no alcohol or drug use during the 12 hours preceding the session. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive an oral dose of 10 mg of THC, 20 mg of THC, or placebo. They will then undergo a cue exposure test during which they will be shown a nature video and will be asked to handle and smell various items; these will act as neutral, non marijuana-related cues. Next, the participants will watch a video of individuals smoking marijuana and will be asked to handle and smell marijuana-related items; these will act as the marijuana-related cues. Heart rate and skin temperature will be monitored continuously throughout each session with the use of electrodes and a skin thermometer. Prior to and after the cue exposure sessions blood pressure will be measured and questionnaires will be administered to assess drug cravings as well as related mood states. Prior to leaving the clinical center, the participants' vital signs will be evaluated to ensure that any cue-related physiological changes have returned to normal. Following the end of the study session, participants will have the option of talking to a clinician experienced in dealing with drug cravings.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Meets DSM-IV diagnosis criteria for marijuana dependence - Able to read and write in English - Positive urine test for marijuana - If female, must be willing to use contraception throughout the study Exclusion Criteria: - Meets DSM-IV diagnosis criteria for a psychiatric illness - History of a psychotic disorder - Seeking treatment for marijuana dependence - Neurologic disease, including structural brain abnormalities (e.g., neoplasms), stroke, seizures, infectious disease, head trauma resulting in unconsciousness, or evidence of neurologic illness resulting from HIV/AIDS - Cardiovascular disease, including edema, chest pain or palpitations after exertion or drug use, myocardial infarction (heart attack), systolic blood pressure greater than 160 mm Hg or less than 95 mm Hg, or diastolic blood pressure greater than 95 mm Hg - Pulmonary disease, including apnea, cor pulmonale, tuberculosis, dyspnea, orthopnea, or tachypnea - Systemic disease, including endocrinopathies, kidney or liver failure, hypothyroidism, adrenocortical insufficiency, or autoimmune disease involving the central nervous system - Currently dependent on any drug other than marijuana or nicotine - Cognitively impaired - Pregnant or breastfeeding


NCT ID:

NCT00218504


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Leslie H. Lundahl
Wayne State University


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Detroit, Michigan 48207
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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