Expired Study
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Scottsdale, Arizona 85259


RATIONALE: Cryoablation kills cancer cells by freezing them. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays and other types of radiation to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether cryoablation is more effective than external-beam radiation therapy in treating painful bone metastases. PURPOSE: This randomized phase III clinical trial is studying cryoablation to see how well it works compared with external-beam radiation therapy in treating patients with painful bone metastases.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: - To determine pain relief in cancer patients with painful metastatic disease involving bone following treatment with cryoablation as compared to radiotherapy (RT). - To compare the impact on quality-of-life following cryoablation or RT in patients with painful metastatic disease as measured using the validated Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) and Short Form (SF)-8. - To determine change in analgesic use following therapy. - To determine the frequency and severity of complications following treatment of painful metastases involving bone with either cryoablation or RT. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to size of the indexing lesion (≤ 5 cm vs > 5 cm), location of the target lesion (pelvis vs extremity vs vertebral body vs other), primary cancer type (melanoma or renal cell carcinoma vs other), and severity of pain (i.e., worst pain score in the last 24-hour period) (4-6 vs 7-10). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. - Arm I (percutaneous cryoablation): Cryoprobes are inserted percutaneously under CT scan or ultrasound guidance, to the malignant soft tissue-bone interface. Patients undergo ablations using a freeze-thaw-freeze cycle lasting approximately 10-5-10 minutes, respectively. - Arm II (external-beam radiotherapy): Patients undergo external-beam radiotherapy comprising either a single 8 Gy dose or 20 Gy/5 fractions administered over 1 week. Patients are contacted via phone on days 1 and 4 post treatment, weekly in weeks 1-4, every 2 weeks in weeks 6-24, and then every four weeks in weeks 28-36. Patients undergo pain and pain interference with daily life assessment at baseline and at these time points. Patients who elect to have repeated treatment (either radiotherapy or cryoablation) within the first 6 weeks after the initial treatment are removed from the study. Patients who fail to achieve a 2-point reduction in worst or average pain (in a 24-hour period) during weeks 6-20 after initial treatment and patients who report a return of pain (i.e., pain ≥ the worst pain in a 24-hour period reported at baseline) for 2 consecutive time points are offered the alternative treatment (radiotherapy or cryoablation, whichever the patient was not randomized to receive at initial treatment)*. NOTE: *Patients who refuse to receive the alternative treatment are taken off study.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Inclusion criteria: - Histologically or cytologically confirmed solid tumor metastasis with index lesion involving or abutting bone - Index lesion with bone destruction is predominantly osteolytic in nature as assessed on CT imaging - If the nature of the metastatic disease has been previously documented, the index lesion to be treated does not require further documentation (i.e., biopsy) - One primary painful metastatic site - Additional less painful metastatic sites may be present - Worst pain in the last 24 hours must be ≥ 4 on a 0-10 numeric scale - Current analgesic therapies have failed OR the patient is experiencing intolerable side effects - Tumor is appropriate for radiotherapy as determined by the participating radiation oncologist and accessible for cryoablation as determined by the participating radiologists upon review of ultrasound, CT scan, X-ray, or MRI examinations - Have completed chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or bisphosphonate therapy ≥ 4 weeks prior to registration OR have developed pain or have persistent pain while on a stable chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or bisphosphonate therapy regimen for a period of ≥ 4 weeks Exclusion criteria: - Index lesion causing clinical or radiographic evidence of spinal cord or cauda equina compression/effacement - Index lesion involves the skull - Treatment of other painful lesions in patients with skull lesions is not excluded - Index lesion has evidence of a pathologic fracture or impending fracture in weight-bearing bones (e.g., vertebral body, periacetabular region, femur, or tibia) with > 50% loss of cortical bone PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - ECOG performance status 0-2 - Life expectancy ≥ 2 months - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Inclusion criteria: - See Disease Characteristics - No concurrent medication known to interfere with platelet function or coagulation (e.g., aspirin, ibuprofen, clopidogrel, or warfarin) and such medications have been discontinued for an appropriate time period based on the drug half-life and known activity (e.g., aspirin for 7 days) for patients randomized to receive cryoablation only - Low molecular weight heparin preparations must be discontinued 8 hours prior to cryoablation - At least 2 weeks since prior cytotoxic chemotherapy (for patients randomized to receive cryoablation only) Exclusion criteria: - Has undergone prior cryoablation or radiotherapy of the index lesion - Prior radiopharmaceutical therapy completed ≤ 4 weeks prior to registration - Initiation of new chemotherapy ≤ 4 weeks prior to registration - Concurrent surgery involving the treated lesion - Anticipated treatment of the index lesion that would require ice-ball formation within 0.5 cm of the spinal cord, brain, other critical nerve structure, large abdominal vessel such as the aorta or IVC, bowel, or bladder



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Matthew R. Callstrom, MD, PhD
Mayo Clinic

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Scottsdale, Arizona 85259
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: January 21, 2020

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