Expired Study
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San Francisco, California 94115


RATIONALE: Lapatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of lapatinib in treating patients with advanced or metastatic breast cancer that overexpresses HER2.

Study summary:

OBJECTIVES: Primary - To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of high-dose lapatinib ditosylate in patients with HER2-overexpressing advanced or metastatic breast cancer. - To determine the dose-limiting toxicity of this drug in these patients. Secondary - To determine whether tumor HER2 can be completely inactivated by lapatinib ditosylate at its MTD in the 5-day schedule. - To determine whether the total inactivation of HER2 decreases cardiac ejection fraction. OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to dose level. Patients receive escalating doses of oral lapatinib ditosylate twice daily on days 1-5 until the maximum tolerated dose is determined. Courses repeat every 2 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Some patients undergo tumor tissue and blood sample collection periodically for biological and correlative studies. Samples are analyzed for evidence of cardiac injury, tumor target lysis effects, and to determine if the lapatinib serum levels result in the inactivation of tumor HER2 and HER3 kinase and oncogenic signaling. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 2 months.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed breast cancer - Advanced or metastatic disease - No effective curative therapy available - Bone-only disease allowed - Tumor HER2 overexpression - HER2 3+ expression by immunohistochemistry OR > 2-fold (HER2 2+) gene amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization - Evaluable disease - Measurable disease is not required - No progressive brain metastases - Hormone receptor status not specified PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Inclusion criteria: - ECOG performance status 0-2 - Life expectancy > 3 months - Female - Menopausal status not specified - Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000 cells/mm^3 - Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL - Platelet count ≥ 75,000 cells/mm^3 - Total bilirubin normal - AST and ALT ≤ 3 x upper limits of normal (ULN) (≤ 5 x ULN with liver metastases) - Creatinine normal OR creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mL/min - INR ≤ 1.5 - Potassium normal - Magnesium normal - Not pregnant - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception prior to and during study therapy - Cardiac ejection fraction ≥ 50% - Consents to 2 tumor fine needle aspiration biopsies for biomarker analysis - Lung-only disease or sites otherwise deemed high-risk for biopsy, the requirement for biopsy will be waived Exclusion criteria: - History of significant cardiac disease including any of the following: - Congestive heart failure - Symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias - Unstable angina - Uncontrolled prior lapatinib ditosylate therapy toxicity ≥ grade 2 - Allergic reactions to IV contrast dye despite standard prophylaxis - History of malabsorption syndrome or disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function or major resection of the stomach or small bowel that could affect absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of study drug - Conditions that would impair the patient's ability to swallow and retain oral medication - Concurrent disease or condition that would make the patient inappropriate for study participation or would interfere with the patient's safety - Psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - Prior lapatinib ditosylate or trastuzumab allowed - At least 4 weeks since prior and no concurrent chemotherapy or investigational anticancer agents - At least 2 weeks since prior and no concurrent hormonal therapy - At least 2 weeks since prior and no concurrent lapatinib ditosylate prohibited medications, including CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers, all herbal supplements, and gastric pH modifiers - More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy - No aspirin or plavix therapy within 7 days prior to tumor biopsy - No concurrent coumadin - Low molecular weight heparin allowed provided it can be held at least 24 hours prior to tumor biopsy - Concurrent gonadal suppression agents (i.e., Zoladex or Lupron) or palliative bisphosphonates (i.e., Zometa) allowed



Primary Contact:

Study Chair
Mark M. Moasser, MD
University of California, San Francisco

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

San Francisco, California 94115
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: October 09, 2019

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