Expired Study
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Stanford, California 94305


The objectives of this trial are: to establish a safety profile for use of Hydroxyurea in children with Type I Spinal Muscular Atrophy; to identify reliable outcome measures for HU treatment in Type I SMA; and to detect the clinical efficacy of HU treatment in children with Type I SMA.

Study summary:

SMA is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by degeneration of spinal cord motor neurons and muscular atrophy. SMA is classified into three clinical subtypes according to the severity and age of onset (Types I, II and III). Type I SMA (also called severe, infantile or acute SMA, or Werdnig-Hoffman disease) is the most severe phenotype. The onset of symptoms is within the first 6 months of life, and weakness of intercostal muscles and lack of airway protection lead to respiratory insufficiency and aspiration pneumonia, often resulting in early infant death. In our laboratory, our preliminary results indicate that HU treatment significantly increases both SMN mRNA expression and intact SMN protein levels in vitro. These data confirm previous observations that in vitro treatments of SMA lymphocytes with hydroxyurea resulted in augmentation of the SMN2 gene expression in a dose and time related manner. Based on these exciting pre-clinical data, coupled with the well-documented side-effect profile of HU in children, we are conducting a pilot clinical trial using HU in children with Type I SMA. This clinical trial study is intended to establish the safety profile in children with Type I SMA; to identify reliable outcome measures; and to detect the possible clinical efficacy of HU treatment in children with Type I SMA.


Inclusion Criteria:1. Laboratory confirmation of a homozygous deletion or mutation of the SMN1 gene 2. Clinical Diagnosis of Type I SMA (never achieved independent sitting) 3. Onset of disease before the age of 6 months 4. Enrollment in study within 6 months of diagnosis Exclusion Criteria:1. Known hematological disorders, such as chronic anemia (defined as platelet count less than 100,000/mm^3) in two contiguous measures in two weeks 2. Severe systemic disorders such as congenital heart disease, other major birth defects involving internal organs, or severe birth asphyxia 3. Participation in SMA clinical trials for other experimental drugs 4. Requiring continuous respiratory support before the initiation of HU treatment



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Dr Ching H. Wang
Stanford University

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Stanford, California 94305
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: February 04, 2019

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