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Atlanta, Georgia 30303


The study is a prospective open label study to examine the effects of oral and intravenous fat load on blood pressure, endothelial function, sympathetic activity, and oxidative stress in obese healthy subjects. Subjects will receive either 8-hour of intravenous or oral fat loads in either low or high doses or normal saline in random order. Blood samples are drawn and vitals are measured before and after the infusions. Endothelial function and plasma glucose and lipid levels are measured to study the effects.

Study summary:

Insulin resistance has been implicated as the central mechanism in the development of several cardiovascular risk factors including hypertension, diabetes, lipid disorders, and coagulation disorders. Recent evidence suggests that increased levels of a circulation fat (free fatty acids or FFAs) are a leading candidate causing insulin resistance. Our preliminary studies in indicate that, in addition to insulin resistance, the infusion of Intralipid and heparin to increase FFAs resulted in a significant rise in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, impaired endothelial (vascular) function, and increased inflammatory markers in obese African Americans with and without diabetes. The effects of FFA on insulin action are well established; however, the blood pressure and vascular effects of FFAs infusion in obese subjects have not been fully investigated. We hypothesize that observed changes in blood pressure are the result of acute endothelial dysfunction, and/or increased activation of the autonomic nervous system. No previous studies have attempted to determine a dose response effect of increasing FFA on blood pressure. In addition, it is not know if increased FFAs by repeated oral fat load results in similar blood pressure than intravenous lipid infusion. Accordingly, we propose: 1) a systematic evaluation of the effects of increasing FFA levels on blood pressure and endothelial (vascular) function, and 2) determine the effects of comparable increases in FFA concentration via intravenous infusion of Intralipid or by repeated oral fat load on blood pressure, insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction in obese subjects. A group of obese normotensive subjects will be admitted to the Grady Clinical Research Center or to the Outpatient Research Unit in the Grady Diabetes Clinic on five occasions. In four of these admissions, research subjects will receive an 8-hour intravenous infusion, in random order, of increasing Intralipid concentration (10 ml, 20 ml, 40 ml per hour) or normal saline (40 ml per hour). During the final admission, research subjects will receive an oral liquid fat diet every 2 hours for 8-hours. The effect of increased FFAs on blood pressure and endothelial (vascular) function via intravenous infusion and via oral fat load therapy will be assessed.


Inclusion Criteria: - Males or females between the ages of 18 and 65 years. - Definition: obese = BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 - Blood pressure < 140/80 mm Hg and no prior history of hypertension Exclusion Criteria: - History of hypertension or previous history of antihypertensive drug therapy. - Current tobacco use - Fasting triglyceride levels > 250 mg/dL during the stabilization period. - Liver disease (ALT 2.5x > upper limit of normal), or other significant medical or surgical illness, including myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, liver failure, and infectious processes. - Serum creatinine ≥1.5 mg/dL for males, or ≥ 1.4 mg/dL for females. - History of drug or alcohol abuse within the last 5 years. - Mental condition rendering the subject unable to understand the nature, scope, and possible consequences of the study. - Female subjects are pregnant or breast feeding at time of enrollment into the study.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Guillermo Umpierrez, MD
Emory University SOM/GCRC

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Atlanta, Georgia 30303
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: February 04, 2019

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