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Atlanta, Georgia 30322


Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is frequent in children with asthma, can induce bronchspasm, and increase airway reactivity. Children with asthma are often treated for GER with drugs to supress gastric acid production. However, this treatment is expensive, and with unproven benefit. The primary objective of this study is to conduct a multi-site, randomized, clinical trial to test the hypothesis that treatment of GER with lansoprazole, an approved proton pump inhibitor, will decrease the frequency of exacerbations in children with poorly controlled asthma. The study will include 300 asthmatic children treated with inhaled corticosteroids, 6-16 years of age, with poor control defined by frequent symptoms, excessive beta agonist use, or frequent exacerbations. Participants will be randomly assigned to treatment with either lansoprazole or placebo for 6 months. The presence, severity, and relationship of GER to asthma symptoms will be determined with 24 hour esophageal pH monitoring, but randomization to treatment will not be influenced by the presence or severity of GER. The primary outcome measure is the proportion of participants who have exacerbations of asthma defined by diaries and interviews. Secondary outcome measures include asthma symptom and control scores, GER symptoms, lung function, and unscheduled health care contacts. Pre-defined subgroup analyses will examine the relationship between specific clinical features and the response to lansoprazole. Treatment response will also be evaluated with 3-hour post-dose plasma lansoprazole concentrations, and related to polymorphisms in the gene CYP2C19, the cytochrome P450 pathway, and interleukin-1 (IL-1) beta, a pro-inflammatory cytokine. Tertiary studies will determine how the magnitude of GER impacts airways inflammation, as measured by the concentrations of hydrogen ions (pH) and nitric oxide in expired breath. The results of this trial sould have a major impact on the understanding and treatment of GER in children with asthma.


Inclusion Criteria:Age: - 6-16 years - Asthma: Physician diagnosed asthma, mathacholine PC20<16 mg/ml, treatment with a stable dose of daily inhaled corticosteroid equivalent to 200 micrograms/day of fluticasone or greater for 8 weeks or longer - Poor asthma control: Use of beta-agonist for asthma symptoms twice/week or more, nocturnal awakening with asthma symptoms more than once per week, 2 or more emergency department, unscheduled physician visit, prednisone course, or hospitalizations for asthma in the past 12 months, Score of 1.5 or greater on the Juniper Scale of Recent Asthma Control - Absence of GERD symptoms: No symptoms clearly attributed to GER at the time of enrollment. Exclusion Criteria: - Surgery: Previous anti-reflux or peptic ulcer surgery, previous tracheo-esophageal fistula repair - Pulmonary Function:FEV1 <60% predicted normal as measured immediately before methacholine bronchoprovocation. Methacholine bronchoprovocation limited to participants with an FEV1 >70% of predicted in accordance with FDA indication - Other major chronic illnesses: Any major chronic illness including but not limited to non-skin cancer, cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, myelomeningocele, sickle cell anemia, endocrine disease, congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure, stroke, severe hypertension, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, renal failure, liver disorders, immunodeficiency states, significant neurodevelopmental delay or behavioral disorders or other conditions that would interfere with participation in the study. - Medication Use: Anti-reflux medication (proton pump inhibitors, H2 blockers, bethanecol, metaclopromide) within 1 month; Theophylline preparations, azoles, anti-coagulants, insulin, digitalis, any investigative drug within 2 months. - Drug allergy: Previous adverse effects from lansoprazole, other proton pump inhibitors or methacholine challenge. - Non-adherence: Inability or unwillingness of the legal guardian to provide consent or inability or unwillingness of the child to provide assent. Inability to swallow study medication. Inability to perform baseline measurements. Less than 80% completion of screening period diaries. Inability to contact by telephone. Intention to move out of the areqa within 6 months. No pregnancy.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
William G Teague, MD
Emory University

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

Atlanta, Georgia 30322
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: February 04, 2019

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