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Omaha, Nebraska 68198


Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to examine key organizational structures and processes (leadership, teamwork, communication, palliative care) and their impact on the quality of end-of-life care for dying residents and their family members.


Study summary:

As the American population ages, nursing homes are rapidly becoming a dominant site for death. Currently, 25% of all deaths occur in nursing homes and 35% of all elders over the age of 85 die in nursing homes. By 2020, 40% of those over 65 will die in nursing homes. Nursing home residents die in pain with undue psychosocial suffering. For all permanently placed residents, death is inevitable. Nonetheless, how residents die, is not. There have been long standing concerns about the quality of care and quality of life in nursing homes. Although there is some evidence that the quality of care for nursing home residents has improved, serious problems continue in areas that potentially affect end-of-life such as dehydration, pressure ulcers, and pain. Efforts to improve care have rarely considered the dynamic nature of nursing home structure and process factors, such as staffing levels, leadership of the director of nursing, or communication and teamwork among staff that facilitate or impede the organization's ability to improve care processes. Findings from our preliminary studies in nursing homes indicate that organizational structure and process factors make a difference in end-of-life care for residents and their family members. More specifically, staff education, staffing levels, leadership of the DON and administrator, teamwork and communication among direct care staff, and incorporating palliative care clinical practices into day-to-day care had a profound impact on outcomes such as the honoring of end-of-life preferences, symptom management, and satisfaction with care. A more generalizable understanding of key structure and process factors and their relationship to resident care and outcomes at the end-of-life will provide a foundation for future intervention studies aimed at improving care.


Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria (Nursing Homes): - 60 beds or greater Exclusion Criteria (Nursing Homes): - less than 60 beds Inclusion Criteria (Nursing Home Staff): - 19 years of age or older - trained to provide resident care Exclusion Criteria (Nursing Homes): - less than 19 years of age - staff on units exclusively Medicare or average length of stay less than 30 days Inclusion Criteria (Family Member/Significant Other): - 19 years of age or older - somewhat to very involved in resident's care and decision-making Exclusion Criteria (Family Member/Significant Other): - not involved in resident's care and decision-making - resident was in the nursing home less than 31 days - resident was less than 65 years old


NCT ID:

NCT00616473


Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Sarah A Thompson, RN, PhD
University of Nebraska


Backup Contact:

N/A


Location Contact:

Omaha, Nebraska 68198
United States



There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A


Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: June 25, 2018

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