Expired Study
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St. Louis, Missouri 63110


We hypothesize that the hearts of HIV+ people with The Metabolic Syndrome use and oxidize fats and sugars inappropriately, and that this may impair the heart's ability to pump blood. We hypothesize that exercise training or pioglitazone (Actos) will improve fat and sugar metabolism in the hearts of HIV+ people with The Metabolic Syndrome. This study will advance our understanding of cardiovascular disease in HIV+ people, and will test the efficacy of exercise training and pioglitazone for improving insulin resistance, heart metabolism and heart function in this at risk population.

Study summary:

We hypothesize that myocardial free fatty acid and glucose utilization and oxidation rates are dysregulated in HIV+ people with The Metabolic Syndrome in comparison to HIV+ people without The Metabolic Syndrome, and in comparison to HIV-seronegative people with and without The Metabolic Syndrome. We hypothesize that dysregulated myocardial fatty acid and glucose metabolism is associated with impaired heart function (diastolic dysfunction) in HIV+ people with The Metabolic Syndrome. We will use myocardial positron emission tomography, radioactive isotope tracers of palmitate and glucose, and echocardiography to evaluate myocardial metabolism and function. HIV+ people with The Metabolic Syndrome will receive 16wks of exercise training or pioglitazone (Actos), and we will evaluate their potential beneficial effects on myocardial metabolism and function.


Inclusion Criteria: All participants both with and without metabolic syndrome: 1. 28-50 years old. 2. Plasma HIV RNA less than 5,000 copies/mL for previous 3 months OR CD4 count greater than 100 cells/µL for previous 3 months. 3. Stable for at least the past 3 months on any HAART regimen. 4. "Normal" blood chemistries for at least 1 month prior to enrollment: platelet count >50,000/mm3, absolute neutrophil count >750/mm3, liver transaminases <2.5x the upper limit of normal (ULN), creatinine <1.3x ULN, albumin >30g/L, creatine kinase <5.9x ULN. Menstruating women must have a negative urine beta-HCG pregnancy test within 14 days prior to study. To control for potential metabolic effects of alterations in female hormones during the menstrual cycle, all menstruating women will be studied during the follicular phase (serum 17beta-estradiol <165 pg/mL). Exclusion Criteria: 1. Frank obesity (BMI >35kg/m2). 2. Chronic hepatitis B infection (HB surface antigen positive). Active hepatitis C infection (detectable Hep C RNA). Those who have cleared hepatitis B or C infection are eligible. 3. Diabetes [fasting glucose >125 mg/dL, or fasting insulin >45 µU/mL, or 2-hr glucose >200mg/dL]. 4. Medications or agents that regulate glucose metabolism (e.g., insulin-sensitizers, insulin-secretagogues). Lipid lowering agents that regulate lipid metabolism (i.e. fibrate, statin). 5. Gestational diabetes, pregnancy, or nursing mothers. 6. Serum triglycerides ≥ 500 mg/dL. 7. Hypogonadism [total testosterone <200ng/dL (men) or <15ng/dL (women)]; thyroid disorder [TSH <0.2 or >12µIU/mL]; hypercortisolemia [morning cortisol >22µg/dL]. Replacement testosterone or thyroid hormones to normalize abnormal levels is acceptable, as long as treatment and blood levels have been stable for at least 3 months. 8. Use of human growth hormone (hGH) or GH-secretagogues (GH-releasing hormone-peptides) within the previous 3 months. 9. History of serious cardiovascular disease; MI, angina pectoris, heart failure, congenital heart disease, coronary artery disease, coronary artery bypass graft, stroke. Bundle branch block is exclusionary because it limits the interpretability of the resting/exercise ECG. Cardiovascular or physical contraindications to maximal exercise testing on a cycle ergometer. 10. Uncontrolled hypertension (>140/90 mmHg). Certain antihypertensive medications will be permitted (diuretics, ACE inhibitors) as long as the medication, dose, and blood pressure have been stable for at least 3 months. 11. Well-trained athletes (defined as >3 exercise training exposures/week; >30min regimented exercise/exposure maintained for at least the prior 4 weeks). 12. History of or active substance abuse (eg, alcoholism, cocaine, heroin, crack, methamphetamine, phencyclidine). 13. Active secondary infection. Any significant change in chronic suppressive therapy for an opportunistic infection during 1 month prior to enrollment. 14. New serious systemic infection during the 3 weeks prior to enrollment. 15. History of hyperlactatemia or lactic acidosis, esp. with rapid weight loss. 16. Debilitating-painful myopathy or neuropathy that requires 'assistance' to conduct normal activities of daily living (dressing, hygiene, preparing meals, operating a vehicle). These might affect peripheral substrate metabolism. 17. Chronic renal insufficiency/failure or other comorbid conditions (eg. cancer, COPD) that alter metabolism. 18. Pancreatitis, celiac disease, or cirrhosis. 19. Inadequate macronutrient or energy intake, or malabsorptive disorder. 20. Dementia or any condition that would prevent voluntary informed consent or compliance. 21. Other compounds or blinded investigational new drugs that might affect metabolism or confound data interpretation (eg. RU486, interleukin therapy, or cytokine-receptor antagonist). 22. Oral glucocorticoid or corticosteroid use within previous 3 months.



Primary Contact:

Principal Investigator
Kevin Yarasheski, PhD
Washington University School of Medicine

Backup Contact:


Location Contact:

St. Louis, Missouri 63110
United States

There is no listed contact information for this specific location.

Site Status: N/A

Data Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

Date Processed: February 04, 2019

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